plant-banner1

Plant Details

Viola cucullata

Bog Violet, Marsh Blue Violet

Scientific Name:

Viola cucullata

Genus:

Viola

Species Epithet:

cucullata

Common Name:

Bog Violet, Marsh Blue Violet

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Violaceae (Violet Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

0-1 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Blue, Purple

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day, Less than 2 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Wet

Bloom Time:

April, May, June

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Bogs, seeps, margins of spring branches. Common in NC Mountains, uncommon in Piedmont, rare in Coastal Plain.

Leaf Arrangement:

Basal

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Has some wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Recommended and Available

Notes:

Common in Mountains, somewhat uncommon in Piedmont, rare in sandhills and coastal

In bloom

Blue Marsh Violet is very similar to the Common Blue Violet (Viola sororia) but the habitats are quite different. As the common name shows, Blue Marsh Violet grows in very wet soil (bogs, seeps) while the Common Blue Violet grows in bottomlands, moist woods and lawns.

image

Paynter, mountain bog, May 2012

Close-up of flower

Marsh Blue Violet has distinctive flowers that help in identification. The two lower, outer petals have hairs that are clubbed (distinctly wider at the top.) Click to enlarge.

image

Paynter, mountain bog

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Flora of North America
NC State Extension


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



Permalink - (right click to save this page to your bookmarks)

<<< PREVIOUS

NEXT >>>

back to top
go to plant details search
go to plant images search
go to gallery home
back to Initial v Gallery
back to orchids
back to Carnivorous Plants
back to Trilliums