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Plant Details

Trillium recurvatum

Prairie Trillium, Prairie Wake-robin, Toadshade, Bloody Noses

Scientific Name:

Trillium recurvatum

Genus:

Trillium

Species Epithet:

recurvatum

Common Name:

Prairie Trillium, Prairie Wake-robin, Toadshade, Bloody Noses

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Trilliaceae (Trillium Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

0-1 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Yellow, Green, Purple

Light:

Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist

Bloom Time:

March, April, May

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont

Habitat Description:

Rich soils of coves over calcareous rock. Rare in NC Mountains and Piedmont.

Leaf Arrangement:

Whorled

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Not Assigned

Landscape Value:

Not Assigned

State Rank:

S1: Critically imperiled (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

State Status:

SR-P: Significantly Rare: Peripheral (*Key)

Notes:

The two known NC occurrences (Catawba and Madison counties) appear to be native. Petals maroon or yellow.

Plants

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Plant

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Bloom Close Up

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Trillium recurvatum f. luteum

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Trillium recurvatum f. shayi

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

eFloras


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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