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Plant Details

Trillium erectum

Wake Robin, Red Trillium, Purple Trillium, Stinking Benjamin, Stinking Willie, Birthwort

Scientific Name:

Trillium erectum

Genus:

Trillium

Species Epithet:

erectum

Common Name:

Wake Robin, Red Trillium, Purple Trillium, Stinking Benjamin, Stinking Willie, Birthwort

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Trilliaceae (Trillium Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

0-1 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Red

Light:

Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day, Less than 2 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist

Bloom Time:

April, May, June

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont

Habitat Description:

Wooded slopes, usually at middle to high elevations. Common in NC Mountains, rare in Piedmont.

Leaf Arrangement:

Whorled

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Has some wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

State Rank:

S5: Secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

State Status:

Exploited (*Key)

Notes:

Read this excellent paper on Trilliums prepared by one of our Shinn Grant winners:

A STUDY OF THE SYSTEMATIC RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN MEMBERS OF THE TRILLIUM ERECTUM COMPLEX
by Christina Pampkin Stoehrel

NC Natural Heritage Program listed as Exploited, S5G5

T. erectum var. erectum

In Bud

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T. erectum var. erectum

Plants

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T. erectum var. erectum

Plants

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T. erectum var. erectum

Plant

image

T. erectum var. erectum

Bloom Close Up

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T. erectum var. erectum

Bloom Close Up

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T. erectum var. erectum

Bloom Close Up

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T. erectum var. erectum

Unusual Color Bloom

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T. erectum var. erectum

Unusual Color Bloom

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T. erectum var. erectum

Unusual Color Blooms

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T. erectum var. erectum

Seed Capsule

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Mark Rose

T. erectum var. erectum

Entire Plant
This was pushed out of the ground by a road grader.

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T. erectum var. album

Plant

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T. erectum var. album

Bloom

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T. erectum var. album

Bloom Close Up

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

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Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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