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Plant Details

Trifolium reflexum

Buffalo Clover

Scientific Name:

Trifolium reflexum

Genus:

Trifolium

Species Epithet:

reflexum

Common Name:

Buffalo Clover

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Fabaceae (Legume Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

0-1 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White, Red, Pink

Light:

Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist

Bloom Time:

April, May

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Open woodlands, woodland edges, dry shaly places. This species seldom occurs in sizable stands. Strongly declining in recent decades. Formerly, about 50 years ago, it was generally uncommon in the NC Piedmont, but now it is rare (to locally uncommon) across the province, most frequent in the eastern third of the province, and very rare in the western Piedmont and mountains. Casual in the Coastal Plain, and probably now extirpated there.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Compound

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

State Rank:

S1: Critically imperiled, S2: Imperiled (*Key)

Global Rank:

G3 - Vulnerable, G4 - Apparently Secure (*Key)

State Status:

T: Threatened (*Key)

Notes:

This species appears to have declined very significantly in recent decades.

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record



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