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Plant Details

Sambucus canadensis

Common Elderberry

Scientific Name:

Sambucus canadensis

Genus:

Sambucus

Species Epithet:

canadensis

Common Name:

Common Elderberry

Plant Type

Shrub

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

6-12 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist

Bloom Time:

April, May, June, July

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Streambanks, thickets, marshes, moist forests, disturbed areas. Common throughout NC.

Leaf Arrangement:

Opposite

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Compound

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

Notes:

Plants can be vigorous growers and may need more management to control. Attract butterflies and birds.

Blooming Plants

They are very attractive shrubs.

image

along the highway and railroad right-of-way, Black Mountain
© MB Baumeister

Bud

That's Clematis virginiana winding through.

image

along the highway and railroad right-of-way, Black Mountain
© MB Baumeister

Almost Ready!

image

along the highway and railroad right-of-way, Black Mountain
© MB Baumeister

Bloom

This is one good looking plant!

image

along the highway and railroad right-of-way, Black Mountain
© MB Baumeister

Fruit

The fruit was traditionally used to make jelly, pies and wine. It is attractive to birds and mammals.

image

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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