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Plant Details

Picea rubens

Red Spruce, He Balsam

Scientific Name:

Picea rubens

Genus:

Picea

Species Epithet:

rubens

Common Name:

Red Spruce, He Balsam

Plant Type

Tree

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Pinaceae (Pine Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

72-100 ft.

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day, Less than 2 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist

Bloom Time:

May, June

Growing Area:

Mountains

Habitat Description:

Common to dominant in spruce and spruce-fir forests at high elevations, scattered in northern hardwood forests, heath balds, boulderfield forests, ridges, and rarely coves, also in bogs or swampy forests at lower elevations (down to about 1000 m), ranging in moisture tolerance from dry ridges (though these are often fog-bathed) to saturated peats, and sometimes planted and naturalized. Though technically an uncommon tree in the NC mountains, as with the Fraser Fir (Abies fraseri), it is common and easily found at higher elevations, usually mixed with the fir from elevations around 5000-5800 feet. Scarce below about 4500 feet elevation.

Leaf Arrangement:

Whorled

Leaf Retention:

Evergreen

Leaf Type:

Leaves needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Highest Wildlife Value

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

State Rank:

S3: Vulnerable (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record



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