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Plant Details

Orthochilus ecristatus [= Eulophia ecristata, Pteroglassapsis ecristata]

Spiked Medusa, Smooth-lipped Eulophia, Non-crested Eulophia, Giant Orchid

Scientific Name:

Orthochilus ecristatus [= Eulophia ecristata, Pteroglassapsis ecristata]

Genus:

Orthochilus

Species Epithet:

ecristatus

Common Name:

Spiked Medusa, Smooth-lipped Eulophia, Non-crested Eulophia, Giant Orchid

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Orchidaceae (Orchid Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

1-3 ft., 3-6 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Yellow, Green, Purple

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist

Bloom Time:

June, July, August, September

Growing Area:

Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Mesic pinelands with blackjack oak, other sandhills and dry-mesic to mesic longleaf pinelands (Weakley 2015). Rare in NC Coastal Plain.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Has some wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Not Recommended for home landscapes

State Rank:

S1: Critically imperiled (*Key)

Global Rank:

G2 - Imperiled, G3 - Vulnerable (*Key)

State Status:

E: Endangered (*Key)

Notes:

Formerly Pteroglossaspis ecristata. NC Natural Heritage Program Global Rank: G2G3

Blooming Plant

image

© David R. McAdoo

Closeup of Blooms

image

© David R. McAdoo

Closeup 2 of Blooms

image

© David R. McAdoo

Seed Pods

image

David McAdoo

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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