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Plant Details

Mitchella repens

Partridge-berry, Twinberry, Running Box, Pigeon Plum

Scientific Name:

Mitchella repens

Genus:

Mitchella

Species Epithet:

repens

Common Name:

Partridge-berry, Twinberry, Running Box, Pigeon Plum

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Rubiaceae (Madder Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

0-1 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White

Light:

Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day, Less than 2 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist

Bloom Time:

April, May, June

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

“Deciduous and coniferous forests, stream-banks, heath balds, maritime forests, on rotten logs;...Plants in maritime forests are more robust than others and often have an ascending habit, the stems sometimes 20-30 cm tall.” (Weakley 2015). Common throughout NC.

Leaf Arrangement:

Opposite

Leaf Retention:

Evergreen

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Has some wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

Notes:

"All parts are dainty, including its pairs of small, rounded, evergreen leaves; tiny, trumpet-shaped, pinkish-white flowers; and scarlet berries...A most attractive woodland creeper with highly ornamental foliage, it can be used as a groundcover under acid-loving shrubs and in terraria in the winter." Ladybird Johnson Wildflower Center

The twin flowers, actually the ovaries, will fuse to make a single fruit or berry.

image

Ev-Henwood, Brunswick County, May 2010

Single berry from fused ovaries.

image

The Green Swamp, Brunswick County, Nov. 2010

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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