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Plant Details

Lindera benzoin

Northern Spicebush

Scientific Name:

Lindera benzoin

Genus:

Lindera

Species Epithet:

benzoin

Common Name:

Northern Spicebush

Plant Type

Shrub

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Lauraceae (Laurel Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

6-12 ft., 12-36 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Yellow

Light:

Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist, Wet

Bloom Time:

March, April

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Rich alluvial forests, mesic forests on slopes with circumneutral soils, bottomlands, swamps. Common to very common in the mountains, Piedmont, and brownwater river floodplains in the Coastal Plain, such as the Roanoke River floodplain. Uncommon and somewhat local over most of the rest of the Coastal Plain, including the Sandhills. Can often be the dominant shrub species in some rich floodplains and very rich/mafic slopes.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Highest Wildlife Value

Landscape Value:

Highly Recommended and Available

State Rank:

S5: Secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

Notes:

Flowers bloom before leaves emerge. Plants are dioecious so you need both male and female plants for fruit set.

Fruit of Lindera benzoin in August

Orange County, NC

Bettina Darveaux

Stems in March with flowering buds just beginning to open

Orange County NC

Bettina Darveaux

Close-up of swollen flower buds in early March.

Orange County, NC

Bettina Darveaux

Close-up of male flowers opening in early March. Spicebush is a dioecious species- individuals produce either all male or all female flowers.

Orange County, NC

Bettina Darveaux

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record



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