Plant Details

Iva frutescens

Maritime Marsh-elder, Hightide Bush, Jesuit's Bark

Scientific Name:

Iva frutescens

Common Name:

Maritime Marsh-elder, Hightide Bush, Jesuit's Bark

Plant Family

Asteraceae (Aster Family)


NC Native



Bloom Color(s):

greenish yellow

Bloom Time:

late August - September - October - November

Bloom Area:


Habitat Description:

Brackish marshes and marsh edges, normally on the back side of barrier islands (Weakley 2015).

State Rank:

No NC Rank Listed (*)

Global Rank:

No Global Rank listed (*)

State Status:

No NC Status Listed (*)

Federal Status:

No U.S. Status Listed (*)


Both Iva frutescens var. frutescens and I. frutescens var. oraria are common and native to the NC Coastal Plain and found in the same habitats.

Growing on the edge of the saltmarsh

Aptly named, High Tide Bush grows at the edge of brackish marshes. Jack Spruill has found it to be even more salt-tolerant than Baccharis halimifolia.


Jack Spruill, Hampstead, Aug 25, 2009

In bloom

The flowers are inconspicuous, hidden by the leafy bracts.


Jack Spruill, Hampstead, Aug 25, 2009

Jack Spruill - I have tried to expand some plantings by using green sticks pushed into the same type habitat, but had no luck. Since it produces so many seeds, maybe that is its main means for expanding its range.


USDA PLANTS Database Record

Bird-Friendly Native Plants

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