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Plant Details

Crataegus phaenopyrum

Washington Hawthorn, Washington Thorn

Scientific Name:

Crataegus phaenopyrum

Genus:

Crataegus

Species Epithet:

phaenopyrum

Common Name:

Washington Hawthorn, Washington Thorn

Plant Type

Tree/Shrub

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Rosaceae (Rose Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

12-36 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist, Wet

Bloom Time:

May, June

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Upland forests, floodplain forests, pastures, thickets, disturbed areas, sometimes locally abundant. Native range presumed to be PA south to SC, west to sw. MO; also c. and s. AL south to n. FL; naturalized populations likely originating from widespread cultivation may be involved in parts of this range, with additional expansions evident. Uncommon throughout NC.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

Landscape Value:

Recommended and Available

State Rank:

S3: Vulnerable (*Key)

Global Rank:

G_?: Uncertain (add status to NOTES section) (*Key)

Notes:

Usually has a single trunk. Red fall fruit and good fall color. Long thorns. Cultivars available.
Global Rank G4?.

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

https://auth1.dpr.ncparks.gov/flora/plant_list.php

https://nc.audubon.org/700

https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/crataegus-phaenopyrum/

https://gobotany.nativeplanttrust.org/species/crataegus/phaenopyrum/



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