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Plant Details

Cardamine concatenata [= Dentaria laciniata]

Cutleaf Toothwort

Scientific Name:

Cardamine concatenata [= Dentaria laciniata]

Genus:

Cardamine

Species Epithet:

concatenata

Common Name:

Cutleaf Toothwort

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Brassicaceae Or Cruciferae (Mustard Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

0-1 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White

Light:

Less than 2 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist

Bloom Time:

March, April, May

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont

Habitat Description:

Rich, mesic forests.

Leaf Arrangement:

Whorled

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Has some wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

Notes:

It’s a food plant for the caterpillars of the West Virginia White and Mustard White butterflies. Populations of both of these butterfly species have declined in recent years as a result at least in part of both habitat loss and the influx of Garlic Mustard (Allaria petiolata), a species native to Europe that is invasive in North America because it lacks predators here. The caterpillars of the West Virginia White butterflies in particular are able to digest only a few species of the mustard family, those with which the butterflies evolved. Garlic Mustard’s chemical composition is similar enough to Cut-leaved Toothwort’s to lure female butterflies to lay their eggs on it, but the resulting caterpillars can’t survive on a diet of Garlic Mustard. They need Cut-leaved Toothwort. https://the-natural-web.org/2015/04/26/cut-leaved-toothwort/

Habitat

Ashe County, Apr '09

image

Sharon Eller

Plants with Blooms

image

Tom Harville

Leaves

image

Tom Harville

Blooms

image

Tom Harville

Blooms April 2004

image

Jean Woods

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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