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Plant Details

Azolla caroliniana

Fairy Moss, Mosquito fern

Scientific Name:

Azolla caroliniana

Genus:

Azolla

Species Epithet:

caroliniana

Common Name:

Fairy Moss, Mosquito fern

Plant Family

Native/Alien:

US Native

Size:

0-1 ft.

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day, Less than 2 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Aquatic

Growing Area:

Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

(GA, NC, SC, VA), Mt, Pd (NC, SC, VA): stagnant
waters of interdune ponds, limesink ponds, old millponds, beaver ponds, floodplain sloughs; uncommon (though often locally
abundant, rare in Mountains and Piedmont of Virginia only). June-September. Widespread in the se. United States, extending
irregularly north (partly from introductions) into s. New England and MN, and south into the tropics.

Leaf Arrangement:

No apparent leaves

Leaf Retention:

Nothing Specified

Leaf Type:

Fern Frond

Leaf Form:

Nothing Specified

Wildlife Value:

Has some wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

Notes:

Used in water gardens and bogs. Fixes nitrogen and used as a fertilizer and food for fish.
This plant has lacy, bright green fronds that turn reddish in full sun and during fall. Resembles duckweed.

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/azolla-caroliniana/

https://nc.audubon.org/700



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