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Plant Details

Alnus serrulata [= Alnus incana, Alnus noveboracensis]

Tag Alder, Hazel Alder, Common Alder, Smooth Alder

Scientific Name:

Alnus serrulata [= Alnus incana, Alnus noveboracensis]

Genus:

Alnus

Species Epithet:

serrulata

Common Name:

Tag Alder, Hazel Alder, Common Alder, Smooth Alder

Plant Type

Tree

Plant Family

Betulaceae (Birch Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

12-36 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Red, Yellow, Brown

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist

Bloom Time:

Feb, March

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Streambanks, bogs, wet thickets

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Wildlife Value:

Has some wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Recommended and Available

Summer leaves and fruit

image

Jack Spruill, Hampstead, July 2010

Alders are nitrogen-fixing and can be used to reclaim barren ground. Although they can become small trees, Tag Alders are most often shrubs.

Male Catkins with the small female flowers above.

Both the male catkins and the female flowers form in fall and open very early in spring, mostly before the leaves come out.

image

Jack Spruill, Hampstead, Jan, 2009

Cone-like fruits

Fruits persist in winter and, along with the persistent catkins, make a good ID mark.

image

Jack Spruill, Hampstead, Feb. 2009

Catkins in the snow

I think it is exciting to see early blooming plants buck the season and bloom in Jan and Feb - Jack Spruill

image

Jack Spruill, Hampstead, Feb 13, 2010

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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