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Plant Details

Actaea racemosa [= Cimicifuga racemosa]

Common Black Cohosh, Early Black Cohosh

Scientific Name:

Actaea racemosa [= Cimicifuga racemosa]

Genus:

Actaea

Species Epithet:

racemosa

Common Name:

Common Black Cohosh, Early Black Cohosh

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Ranunculaceae (Buttercup Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

1-3 ft., 3-6 ft., 6-12 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White

Light:

Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day, Less than 2 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist

Bloom Time:

May, June, July

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Rich cove forests, other mesic and moderately to very fertile forests. May-Aug. Primarily Appalachian: w. MA south to SC and c. GA, but extending e. into the Coastal Plain and west to OH, IN, and MO. Common in NC Mountains and Piedmont, rare in Coastal Plain.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Compound

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

Landscape Value:

Recommended and Available

State Status:

Exploited (*Key)

Notes:

Attracts butterflies, Host for Spring Azure.

New Shoots

image

Tom Harville
April

Plant

image

Tom Harville
April

Buds

The buds open from the bottom up over a week or two

image

Tom Harville
Early June

Blooms with Turkscap Lilies

image

Martha Baskin
Topton NC

Blooms with Turkscaps and Friend

Note the blooms opening

image

Martha Baskin
Topton, NC

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

NCSU Plants
eFloras Plants


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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