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Plant Details

Abies fraseri

Fraser Fir, Southern Balsam, She Balsam

Scientific Name:

Abies fraseri

Genus:

Abies

Species Epithet:

fraseri

Common Name:

Fraser Fir, Southern Balsam, She Balsam

Plant Type

Tree

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Pinaceae (Pine Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

36-72 ft.

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist

Bloom Time:

May, June

Growing Area:

Mountains

Habitat Description:

High elevation forests, from 1500 to 2037 m. Rare in NC mountains.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Evergreen

Leaf Type:

Leaves needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

State Rank:

S2: Imperiled (*Key)

Global Rank:

G2 - Imperiled (*Key)

State Status:

W5: Watch List: Rare because of Severe Decline to Population or Habitat (*Key)

Mount Mitchell State Park, Yancey County, NC

Bettina Darveaux

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

NC Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox: https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/abies-fraseri/

Vascular Flora of North Carolina



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