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Plant Details

Sabal palmetto

Cabbage Palmetto

Scientific Name:

Sabal palmetto

Common Name:

Cabbage Palmetto

Plant Family

Arecaceae (Palm Family)

Native/Alien:

Native

Type:

Evergreen Tree

Bloom Color(s):

yellowish white

Size in Feet:

30 to 65 ft

Light:

sun, shade

Bloom Time:

July

Bloom Area:

Coast

Habitat Description:

Maritime forests, marsh edges, and other near-coastal communities

Habitat

Cabbage Palmetto extends into North Carolina only at the southeastern tip, in Brunswick Co. It is common in the maritime forests of the Smith Island complex (Bald Head Island, Middle Island, Bluff Island). It also grows on the edges of marshes and is widely planted. In this photo, the cabbage palmetto is surrounded by dwarf palmettos (Sabal minor).

image

Paynter, Donnelly Wildlife Management Area, SC. March, 2013

Frond

The fronds of cabbage palmettos have a distinctive arch (unlike the smaller dwarf palmetto, Sabal minor) and can be up to 3' across.

image

Close-up of filaments and rib

The filaments and the long, triangular rib are good identification marks to differentiate cabbage palmetto from dwarf palmetto.

image

Trunk

Beneath the fronds, the old leaf bases make a crisscross pattern on the upper trunk. There is no true bark.

image

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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