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Orchids

NC Native Orchids

Just the Pictures!

Plants listed alphabetically by scientific name.
Thumbnail Scientific Name Common Name State Rank (*) State Status
(*)
Fed. Status
(*)
Bloom
Time
Bloom Area
(*)
image Aplectrum hyemale Puttyroot, Adam and Eve No U.S. Status Listed May - June Mountains, Piedmont
image Arethusa bulbosa Bog Rose No U.S. Status Listed May - June Mountains
image Calopogon barbatus Bearded Grass Pink No U.S. Status Listed April - May Coast
image Calopogon multiflorus [= Limodorum multiflorum] Many-flowered Grass-pink No U.S. Status Listed May - June Coast
image Calopogon pallidus (=Limodorum pallidum) Pale Grass Pink No U.S. Status Listed May - June - July Coast
image Calopogon tuberosus Grass Pink No U.S. Status Listed April - May - June - July Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)
image Cleistesiopsis bifaria [= Cleistes bifaria] Small Spreading Pogonia No U.S. Status Listed May - June - July Coast, Mountains
image Cleistesiopsis divaricata [= Cleistes divaricata, Pogonia divaricata] Spreading Pogonia No U.S. Status Listed May - June - July Coast, Mountains
image Corallorhiza maculata Spotted Coral Root No U.S. Status Listed July - August Mountains
image Corallorhiza odontorhiza Autumn Coral Root No U.S. Status Listed August, September, October Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)
image Corallorhiza wisteriana Spring Coral Root No U.S. Status Listed March. April, May Statewide - Mountains, Piedmont, Coast
image Cypripedium acaule Pink Lady's-slipper, Stemless Lady's-slipper No U.S. Status Listed April - May - June - July Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)
image Cypripedium parviflorum var. parviflorum [= Cypripedium calceolus var. parviflorum] Small Yellow Lady's-slipper No U.S. Status Listed April - May - June Mountains
image Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens [= Cypripedium calceolus var. pubescens] Large Yellow Lady's-slipper, Whippoorwill Shoes No U.S. Status Listed April - May - June Mountains, Piedmont
image Cypripedium reginae Showy Lady'-slipper, Queen Lady's-slipper No U.S. Status Listed May - June Mountains
image Dactylorhiza viridis [= Coeloglossum viride var. virescens, Habenaria viridis var. bracteata] Long-bracted Frog Orchid, Frog Orchid No U.S. Status Listed April - May - June Mountains
image Epidendrum conopseum [= Epidendrum magnoliae] Green-fly Orchid, Green Fly Orchid No U.S. Status Listed July - August - September - October Coast
image Epipactis helleborine Broad-leaved Helleborine, Eastern Helleborine, Weed Orchid No U.S. Status Listed June - July - August - September Mountains
image Galearis spectabilis [= Orchis spectabilis] Showy Orchis No U.S. Status Listed April - May - June - July Mountains, Piedmont
image Goodyera pubescens Downy Rattlesnake-orchid, Downy Rattlesnake-plantain No U.S. Status Listed June - July - August Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)
image Habenaria repens Water-spider Orchid, Floating Orchid No U.S. Status Listed April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November Coast
image Hexalectris spicata Crested Coralroot, Crested Coral-root, Brunetta No U.S. Status Listed July - August Statewide
image Isotria medeoloides Small Whorled Pogonia, Little Five-leaves T - Threatened May - June Piedmont
image Isotria verticillata Large Whorled Pogonia, Large Five-fingers No U.S. Status Listed April - May - June - July Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)
image Liparis liliifolia Large Twayblade, Lily-Leaved Twayblade, Purple Twayblade, Mauve Sleekwort, Brown Widelip Orchid, Russet-witch No U.S. Status Listed May - June - July S - State-wide, common in Mountains, uncommon in Piedmont, rare on Coast
image Liparis loeselii Fen Orchid, Loesel's Twayblade, Bog Twayblade, Yellow Wide-lip Orchid No U.S. Status Listed May - June - July Mountains
image Listera australis Southern Twayblade No U.S. Status Listed Apr - Jul Coast
image Listera cordata var. cordata Heartleaf Twayblade, Lesser Twayblade No U.S. Status Listed June - July Mountains
image Listera smallii Appalachian Twayblade, Small's Twayblade, Kidneyleaf Twayblade No U.S. Status Listed Mountains
No Images
Yet
Malaxis bayardii Appalachian Adder's-mouth, Bayard's Adder's-mouth Orchid FSC - Federal Special Concern July - August - September Mountains, Piedmont
image Malaxis spicata Florida Adder's-mouth, Florida Adder's Mouth No U.S. Status Listed June - July - August Coast, Mountains
image Malaxis unifolia Green Adder's-mouth, Green Adder's Mouth No U.S. Status Listed June - July - August Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)
image Orthochilus ecristatus [= Eulophia ecristata, Pteroglassapsis ecristata] Spiked Medusa, Smooth-lipped Eulophia, Non-crested Eulophia, Giant Orchid No U.S. Status Listed June - July - August - September Coast
image Platanthera ciliaris [= Habenaria ciliaris] Yellow Fringed Orchid, Orange Fringed Orchid, Orange Plume, Bobwhite's-mocassin, Owl's-head No U.S. Status Listed July - August - September Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)
image Platanthera clavellata [= Habenaria clavellata] Small Green Wood Orchid, Small Woodland Orchid, Little Club-spur Bog Orchid No U.S. Status Listed June - July - August - September Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)
image Platanthera conspicua [= Platanthera blephariglottis var. conspicua; Habenaria blephariglottis var. conspicua]] Large White Fringed Orchid, White-fringed Orchid No U.S. Status Listed July - August - September Coast, rare Mountains
image Platanthera cristata [= Habenaria cristata] Yellow Crested Orchis, Crested Fringed Orchid, Golden Fringed Orchid No U.S. Status Listed June - July - August - September Mountains, Coast
image Platanthera flava var. flava [= Habenaria flava var. flava] Southern Rein Orchid, Palegreen Orchid, Southern Gypsy-spike No U.S. Status Listed March - April - May - June - July - August - September Piedmont, Coast
image Platanthera flava var. herbiola [= Habenaria flava var. herbiola] Tubercled Rein Orchid, Northern Gypsy-spike, Northern Green Orchid No U.S. Status Listed May - June - July - August - September Mountains - Mountainsountains
image Platanthera grandiflora [ Habenaria psychodes var. grandiflora] Large Purple Fringed Orchid, Greater Purple Fringed Orchid, Greater Purple Fringed Bog-orchid, Plume-royal No U.S. Status Listed June - July - August Mountains - Mountainsountains
image Platanthera integra [ = Habenaria integra] Golden Fringeless Orchid, Yellow Fringeless Orchid, Golden Frog Arrow No U.S. Status Listed June - July - August - September Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)
image Platanthera integrilabia [= Habenaria blephariglottis var. integrilabia] White Fringeless Orchid, Monkey-face Orchid T - Threatened June - July - August - September Mountains - Mountainsountains
image Platanthera lacera [= Habenaria lacera] Green Fringed Orchid, Ragged Fringed Orchid, Ragged Orchid No U.S. Status Listed June - July - August Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)
image Platanthera nivea [= Habenaria nivea] Snowy Orchid, Bog-spike, Frog Spear, Bog Torch, White Frog Arrow, White Rein Orchid No U.S. Status Listed June - July - August Coast
image Platanthera orbiculata [= Habenaria orbiculata] Large Round-leaved Orchid, Dinner-plate Orchid, Lesser roundleaved orchid, Roundleaf Rein Orchid No U.S. Status Listed June - July - August - September Mountains- Mountainsountains, Piedmont
image Platanthera peramoena [= Habenaria peramoena] Purple Fringeless Orchid, Purple Spire Orchid, Pride-of-the-peak No U.S. Status Listed June - July - August - September - October Mountains- Mountainsountains
image Platanthera psycodes [= Habenaria psychodes var. psychodes] Small Purple Fringed Orchid, Butterfly Orchid, Lesser Purple Fringed orchid No U.S. Status Listed June - July - August Mountains - Mountainsountains
image Platanthera shriveri [= Platanthera psychodes var. grandiflora] Shriver’s Purple Fringed Orchid, Shriver’s Frilly Orchid FSC - Federal Special Concern mid Jul - early Aug Mountains
image Platanthera x bicolor {P. blephariglottis x P. ciliaris} [= Habenaria x bicolor] Bicolor Bog Orchid No U.S. Status Listed June - July - August Coast
image Pogonia ophioglossoides Rose Pogonia, Snakemouth, Beardflower, Ettercap, Addermouth No U.S. Status Listed May - June Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)
image Ponthieva racemosa Shadow Witch, Shadow-witch, Hairy Shadlow-witch No U.S. Status Listed September-October Coast
No Images
Yet
Spiranthes brevilabris Texas Ladies' Tresses, Short Lipped Ladies Tresses No U.S. Status Listed February - March - April Coast
image Spiranthes cernua Nodding Ladies' Tresses No U.S. Status Listed July - August - September - October - November Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)
No Images
Yet
Spiranthes eatonii Eaton's Ladies' Tresses No U.S. Status Listed March - April - May Coast
No Images
Yet
Spiranthes floridana Florida Ladies' Tresses No U.S. Status Listed April - May Coast
image Spiranthes lacera var. gracilis Southern Slender Ladies' Tresses, Northern Slender Ladies' Tresses No U.S. Status Listed August-September Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)
image Spiranthes lacera var. laceras Northern Slender Ladies' Tresses No U.S. Status Listed Aug - Sep Mountains - Mountainsountains
No Images
Yet
Spiranthes laciniata Lace Lip Ladies' Tresses No U.S. Status Listed May - June - July Coast
image Spiranthes longilabris Giant Spiral Orchid, Long Lipped Ladies' Tresses T - Threatened October - November - December Coast
image Spiranthes lucida Shining Ladies' Tresses No U.S. Status Listed June Mountains - Mountainsountains
image Spiranthes ochroleuca Rydb. Yellow Nodding Ladies' Tresses No U.S. Status Listed September - October Mountains
image Spiranthes odorata Sweet Scent Ladies' Tresses, Marsh Ladies' Tresses No U.S. Status Listed September - October - November Coast
image Spiranthes ovalis var. erostellata Lesser Ladies' Tresses, October Ladies' Tresses, Oval Ladies' Tresses No U.S. Status Listed August - September - October - November Piedmont, Coast
image Spiranthes praecox Grassleaf Ladies' Tresses, Greenvein Ladies' Tresses, Giant Ladies' Tresses No U.S. Status Listed March - April - May - June - July Piedmont, Coast
No Images
Yet
Spiranthes sylvatica Woodland Ladies' Tresses, Pale Green Ladies' Tresses No U.S. Status Listed March - April - May - June - July Coast
No Images
Yet
Spiranthes tuberosa Little Ladies' Tresses, Little Pearl-Twist No U.S. Status Listed June - July - August - September Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)
image Spiranthes vernalis Twisted Ladies' Tresses, Spring Ladies' Tresses No U.S. Status Listed March - April - May - June - July Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)
image Tipularia discolor Cranefly Orchid, Crippled Cranefly No U.S. Status Listed July - August - September Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)
image Triphora trianthophoros Three Birds Orchid No U.S. Status Listed July - August - September Statewide (Mountains, Piedmont, Coast)

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Crosses not listed by the State

Orchids listed alphabetically by scientific name
Thumbnail Scientific Name Common Name State Rank (*) State Status (*) Fed. Status Bloom Time Bloom Area (*)
No Images
Yet
Liparis x jonesii (L. liliifolia x L. loeselii) S? - - Spring M
No Images
Yet
Platanthera x andrewsii (P. lacera x P. psycodes) S? - - Summer M
Platanthera x bicolor Platanthera x bicolor (P. blephariglottis x P. ciliaris) S? - - Summer C
No Images
Yet
Platanthera x canbyi (P. blephariglottis x P. cristata) S? - - Summer C
No Images
Yet
Platanthera x channelli (P. ciliaris x P. cristata) S? - - Summer C
No Images
Yet
Platanthera x keenanii (P. grandiflora x P. lacera) S? - - Summer M

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Some sights to watch for

Photographs © David R. McAdoo (ncorchid @ yahoo.com) and other society members. Used with permission. Thank you very much! :)

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We'd like to add more portraits of different NC plants.

Send your photos of buds, blooms, leaves, and seedpods to:

tom @ ncwildflower.org

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