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Plant Listings

Plants listed alphabetically by scientific name.
Thumbnail Common name,
link to Portrait
Scientific name Native / Alien (1)
Fraser Fir, Southern Balsam, She Balsam Abies fraseri NC Native INVASIVE
Southern Sugar Maple, Florida Maple Acer floridanum [= Acer barbatum, Acer saccharum ssp. floridanum] NC Native INVASIVE
Chalk Maple Acer leucoderme [= Acer saccharum ssp. leucoderme] NC Native INVASIVE
Striped Maple, Moosewood, Whistlewood, Goosefoot Maple Acer pensylvanicum NC Native INVASIVE
image Red Maple Acer rubrum NC Native
Silver Maple, Soft Maple Acer saccharinum NC Native INVASIVE
Northern Sugar Maple, Hard Maple, Sugar Tree Acer saccharum NC Native INVASIVE
image American Yarrow, American Thousandleaf, Yarrow, Milfoil Achillea borealis [= Achilllea millefolium ssp. lanulosa] NC Native
image Trailing Wolfsbane, White Monkshood, White Aconite Aconitum reclinatum NC Native
image Southern Blue Monkshood, Eastern Blue Monkshood, Appalachian Blue Monkshood Aconitum uncinatum NC Native
image White Baneberry, Doll's-eyes, White Cohosh Actaea pachypoda NC Native
image Common Black Cohosh, Early Black Cohosh Actaea racemosa [= Cimicifuga racemosa] NC Native
Maiden hair fern Adiantum capillus-veneris NC Native
image Northern Maidenhair Adiantum pedatum US Native
image Yellow Buckeye Aesculus flava [= Aesculus octandra] NC Native
Bottlebrush Buckeye Aesculus parviflora S.E. Native INVASIVE
image Red Buckeye Aesculus pavia NC Native
image Painted Buckeye Aesculus sylvatica NC Native
image Scaleleaf False Foxglove Agalinis aphylla [= Gerardia aphylla] NC Native
Common Agalinis, Purple Gerardia Agalinis purpurea [= Gerardia purpurea] NC Native INVASIVE
Threadleaf Gerardia, Threadleaf False Foxglove Agalinis setacea [= Gerardia setacea] NC Native
Agarista, Florida Hobblebush, Pipe-plant, Fetterbush, Coast Leucothoe, Florida Leucothoe Agarista populifolia [= Leucothoe populifolia] NC Native INVASIVE
Purple Giant Hyssop Agastache scrophulariifolia NC Native INVASIVE
image White Snakeroot, Common Milk-poison Ageratina altissima [= Eupatorium rugosum] NC Native
image Mimosa, Silk Tree Albizia julibrissin Not Native to US INVASIVE
Golden Colicroot Aletris aurea NC Native
image Northern White Colic-root, Mealy Colic-root, Stargrass Aletris farinosa NC Native
Yellow Colic-root Aletris lutea NC Native INVASIVE
image Allegheny Onion Allium allegheniense NC Native
Nodding Onion Allium cernuum NC Native INVASIVE
Keever's Onion Allium keeverae [= Split from Allium cuthbertii] NC Native INVASIVE
image Ramps, Red Ramps, Wild Leek, Rampscallions Allium tricoccum [= Validallium tricoccum] NC Native
image Tag Alder, Hazel Alder, Common Alder, Smooth Alder Alnus serrulata [= Alnus incana, Alnus noveboracensis] NC Native
Common Ragweed, American Wormwood, Bitterweed, Carrotweed, Blackweed, Hay-fever Weed Ambrosia artemisiifolia NC Native
Giant Ragweed Ambrosia trifida NC Native INVASIVE
Downy Serviceberry, Shadbush, Shadtree, Sarvis Tree Amelanchier arborea NC Native INVASIVE
Eastern Serviceberry, Sarvisberry, Shad Amelanchier canadensis NC Native INVASIVE
image Smooth Serviceberry, Allegheny Serviceberry, Juneberry, Shadbush Amelanchier laevis [= Amelanchier arborea var. laevis] NC Native
image Coastal Plain Serviceberry Amelanchier obovalis [= Amelanchier canadensis] NC Native
Dwarf Serviceberry, Shadbush Amelanchier spicata [= Amelanchier stolonifera] NC Native INVASIVE
image Fly Poison Amianthium muscaetoxicum NC Native
image Dwarf Indigo Bush, Clusterspike False Indigo Amorpha herbacea NC Native
image Climbing Aster Ampelaster carolinianus [= Aster carolinianus] NC Native
Fringed Bluestar, Sandhill Bluestar Amsonia ciliata NC Native
Threadleaf Bluestar, Hubricht's Bluestar, Hubricht's Slimpod Amsonia hubrichtii US Native
image Bluestar, Blue Dogbane, Willow Amsonia Amsonia tabernaemontana NC Native
Chain fern Anchistea virginica (=Woodwardia virginica) NC Native INVASIVE
Big Bluestem, Turkeyfoot Andropogon gerardi [= Andropogon gerardii] NC Native INVASIVE
Common Bushy Bluestem, Brushy Bluestem, Bog Broomsedge Andropogon glomeratus [= Andropogon virginicus var. abbreviatus] NC Native INVASIVE
Elliott's Bluestem, Elliott's Broomsedge, Sheathed Bluestem Andropogon gyrans [= Andropogon elliottii] NC Native INVASIVE
Splitbeard Bluestem, Bunchgrass, Silver Bluestem, Split Bluestem Andropogon ternarius NC Native INVASIVE
Old-field Broomstraw, Broomsedge, Broomsedge Bluestem, Sedge Grass, Sage Grass Andropogon virginicus var. virginicus NC Native INVASIVE
image Sharp-lobed Liverleaf Anemone acutiloba [= Hepatica acutiloba] NC Native
image Round-lobed Liverleaf Anemone americana [= Hepatica americana] NC Native
image Prairie Anemone, Carolina Anemone Anemone caroliniana US Native
image Lanceleaf Anemone Anemone lancifolia [= Anemone quinquefolia var. lancifolia] NC Native
image Wood Anemone Anemone quinquefolia NC Native
image Thimbleweed; Tall Anemone Anemone virginiana NC Native
Field Pussytoes Antennaria neglecta NC Native INVASIVE
image Plaintain Pussytoes Antennaria plantaginifolia [= Antennaria caroliniana] US Native
Southern Single-head Pussytoes, Solitary Pussytoes Antennaria solitaria NC Native INVASIVE
image Mayweed, Stinking Chamomile Anthemis cotula Not Native to US
image Cancer-Root, One-Flowered Cancer-Root, One-Flowered Broomrape, Ghost Pipe, Naked Broomrape Aphyllon uniflorum [= Orobanche uniflora] NC Native
Common Groundnut Apios americana NC Native INVASIVE
image Puttyroot, Adam and Eve Aplectrum hyemale NC Native
image Wild Columbine Aquilegia canadensis [= Aquilegia australis] NC Native
image Smooth Rockcress Arabis laevigata [= Boechera laevigata] NC Native
image Devil's Walkingstick, Hercules' Club, Prickly Ash Aralia spinosa NC Native
image Bog Rose Arethusa bulbosa NC Native
image Green Dragon Arisaema dracontium [= Muricauda dracontium] NC Native
image Jack-in-the-Pulpit Arisaema triphyllum NC Native
Southern Wiregrass, Beyrich Threeawn Aristida beyrichiana [= Aristida stricta var. beyrichiana] S.E. Native INVASIVE
Carolina Wiregrass, Pineland Three-awn Aristida stricta [= Aristida stricta var. stricta] NC Native INVASIVE
Pale Indian-plantain Arnoglossum atriplicifolium [= Cacalia atriplicifolia] NC Native INVASIVE
image Red Chokeberry Aronia arbutifolia [= Photinia pyrifolia, Sorbus arbutifolia, Pyrus arbutifolia] NC Native
Black Chokeberry Aronia melanocarpa [= Photinia melanocarpa, Sorbus melanocarpa, Pyrus melanocarpa] NC Native INVASIVE
Eastern Goat's-beard Aruncus dioicus var. dioicus NC Native INVASIVE
Hill Cane Arundinaria appalachiana [split from Arundinaria gigantea and Arundinaria tecta] NC Native INVASIVE
Giant Cane, River Cane, Switchcane Arundinaria gigantea NC Native INVASIVE
Switchcane, Switch Cane, Small Cane Arundinaria tecta [split from Arundinaria gigantea; Arundinaria gigantea ssp. tecta] NC Native INVASIVE
image Common Wild Ginger Asarum canadense NC Native
image Clasping Milkweed, Sand Milkweed, Bluntleaf Milkweed Asclepias amplexicaulis NC Native
image Poke Milkweed, Tall Milkweed Asclepias exaltata NC Native
Eastern Swamp Milkweed Asclepias incarnata var. pulchra NC Native INVASIVE
Few-flower Milkweed Asclepias lanceolata NC Native INVASIVE
Purple Milkweed Asclepias purpurascens NC Native INVASIVE
image Fourleaf Milkweed Asclepias quadrifolia NC Native
Purple Savana Milkweed, Red Milkweed Asclepias rubra NC Native INVASIVE
image Common Milkweed Asclepias syriaca NC Native
image Butterfly Weed, Butterfly Milkweed, Orange Milkweed, Pleurisy Root, Chigger Flower Asclepias tuberosa NC Native
image Redring Milkweed, White Milkweed Asclepias variegata NC Native
Whorled Milkweed Asclepias verticillata NC Native INVASIVE
Little Green Milkweed, Green Antelope-horn, Spider Milkweed Asclepias viridis S.E. Native INVASIVE
Slimleaf Pawpaw, Dwarf Pawpaw Asimina angustifolia S.E. Native INVASIVE
Flag Pawpaw, Polecat Bush, Woolly Pawpaw Asimina incana S.E. Native INVASIVE
Bigflower Pawpaw, Florida Dogwood, Scrub Pawpaw, Flag Pawpaw Asimina obovata S.E. Native INVASIVE
image dwarf pawpaw Asimina parviflora NC Native
Netleaf Pawpaw Asimina reticulata S.E. Native INVASIVE
image Pawpaw Asimina triloba NC Native
Ebony spleenwort Asplenium platyneuron NC Native
image Walking Fern Asplenium rhizophyllum NC Native
image False Goat's Beard Astilbe biternata NC Native
Northern Lady fern Athyrium angustum (=Athyrium filix-femina var. angustum) NC Native
Southern Lady Fern Athyrium asplenioides (Athyrium filix-femina var. asplenoides) NC Native
Common Hairgrass, Wavy Hairgrass Avenella flexuosa [= Deschampsia flexuosa] NC Native INVASIVE
Common Carpetgrass, Narrowleaved Carpetgrass Axonopus fissifolius NC Native INVASIVE
Fairy Moss, Mosquito fern Azolla caroliniana US Native
Silverling, High-tide Bush, Mullet Bush, Groundsel Tree, Sea Myrtle Baccharis halimifolia NC Native INVASIVE
Blue Water-hyssop, Sweet Water-hyssop, Carolina Water-hyssop, Lemon Bacopa Bacopa caroliniana NC Native INVASIVE
Monier's Water-hyssop, Coastal Water-hyssop, Herb-of-grace Bacopa monnieri NC Native INVASIVE
Thick-pod White Wild Indigo Baptisia alba [= Baptisia pendula] NC Native INVASIVE
image Spiked Wild Indigo Baptisia albescens NC Native
Eastern Prairie Blue Wild Indigo, Glade Wild Indigo Baptisia australis var. aberrans [= Baptisia aberrans] NC Native INVASIVE
Carolina Wild Indigo Baptisia cinerea [= Baptisia villosa] NC Native
Bush Pea, Yellow Wild Indigo, Green Wild Indigo, Yellow Wisteria Baptisia sphaerocarpa US Native INVASIVE
Honesty-weed, Rattleweed, Black Wild Indigo, Northern Wild Indigo, Horsefly-weed Baptisia tinctoria NC Native INVASIVE
image White Screwstem, Spring Bartonia, White Bartonia Bartonia verna [= Centaurella verna] NC Native
Tarflower, Flycatcher, Flyweed Bejaria racemosa [= Befaria racemosa] S.E. Native INVASIVE
Supplejack, American Rattan, Alabama Supplejack, Carolina Supplejack Berchemia scandens NC Native INVASIVE
Yellow Birch Betula alleghaniensis [= Betula lutea] NC Native INVASIVE
Black Birch, Sweet Birch, Cherry Birch, "Mahogany" Betula lenta var. lenta NC Native INVASIVE
River Birch, Red Birch Betula nigra NC Native INVASIVE
image Crossvine Bignonia capreolata NC Native
Downy Woodmint, Downy Pagoda-plant, Ohio Horsemint Blephilia ciliata NC Native INVASIVE
Eastern Marsh-daisy, Eastern Doll's-daisy, Carolina Doll's-daisy Boltonia asteroides var. glastifolia [= Boltonia asteroides] NC Native INVASIVE
image Sea Ox-eye, Bushy Seaside Tansy Borrichia frutescens NC Native
Rattlesnake Fern Botrypus virginianus (=Botrychium virginianum) NC Native
Water-shield, Purple Wen-dock Brasenia schreberi NC Native INVASIVE
image Paper Mulberry, Otaheite Broussonetia papyrifera Not Native to US INVASIVE
Nuttall's Reedgrass Calamagrostis coarctata [= Calamagrosis cinnoides] NC Native INVASIVE
Beautyberry, American Beautyberry, French-mulberry Callicarpa americana NC Native INVASIVE
image Bearded Grass Pink Calopogon barbatus NC Native
image Many-flowered Grass-pink Calopogon multiflorus [= Limodorum multiflorum] NC Native
image Pale Grass Pink Calopogon pallidus [= Limodorum pallidum] NC Native
image Grass Pink Calopogon tuberosus NC Native
image Sweet shrub; Sweet Betsy, Carolina allspice Calycanthus floridus NC Native
image Wild Hyacinth, Quamash Lily, Eastern Camas Lily Camassia scilloides NC Native
Tall Bellflower, American Bellflower Campanula americana [= Campanulastrum americanum] NC Native INVASIVE
image Southern Harebell Campanula divaricata NC Native
image Trumpet Creeper; Trumpet Vine, Cow Itch Campsis radicans [= Bignonia radicans] NC Native
Golden Canna, Yellow Canna, Bandana-of-the-Everglades Canna flaccida S.E. Native INVASIVE
image Cutleaf Toothwort Cardamine concatenata [= Dentaria laciniata] NC Native
image Crinkleroot, Toothwort Cardamine diphylla [= Dentaria diphylla] NC Native
image Thread-Leafed Toothwort, Dissected Toothwort Cardamine dissecta [= Dentaria dissecta] NC Native
Fringed Sedge Carex crinita NC Native INVASIVE
Meadow Sedge, Blue Wood Sedge Carex flaccosperma NC Native INVASIVE
image Fraser's Sedge Carex fraseriana [= Cymophyllus fraseri] NC Native
Wax Sedge, Blue Sedge, Southern Waxy Sedge Carex glaucescens NC Native INVASIVE
Asa Gray's Sedge, Gray's Sedge, Bur Sedge Carex grayi NC Native INVASIVE
Spreading Sedge Carex laxiculmis NC Native INVASIVE
Hop Sedge Carex lupulina NC Native INVASIVE
Pennsylvania Sedge Carex pensylvanica NC Native INVASIVE
image Plantain-leaved Sedge, Seersucker Sedge Carex plantaginea NC Native
Broadleaf Sedge, Silver Sedge Carex platyphylla NC Native INVASIVE
image Chaffhead Carphephorus bellidifolius NC Native
American Hornbeam, Ironwood, Musclewood, Blue Beech Carpinus caroliniana NC Native INVASIVE
image Wild Olive, Devilwood Cartrema americana [= Osmanthus americanus] NC Native
image Water Hickory, Bitter Pecan Carya aquatica NC Native
Bitternut Hickory, Swamp Hickory Carya cordiformis NC Native INVASIVE
Pignut Hickory, Smooth Pignut Carya glabra NC Native INVASIVE
image Pecan Carya illinoinensis US Native
Red Hickory, False Pignut Hickory Carya ovalis [= Carya glabra var. odorata] NC Native INVASIVE
Common Shagbark Hickory Carya ovata NC Native INVASIVE
Mockernut Hickory, White Hickory Carya tomentosa NC Native INVASIVE
American Chestnut Castanea dentata NC Native INVASIVE
Common Chinquapin, Allegheny Chinquapin, Chinkapin, Dwarf Chinquapin Castanea pumila NC Native INVASIVE
image Indian Paintbrush, Scarlet Painted Cup Castilleja coccinea NC Native
image Catawba Tree, Monkey Cigar Tree Catalpa speciosa US Native
image Blue Cohosh, Papooseroot Caulophyllum thalictroides NC Native
image New Jersey Tea Ceanothus americanus NC Native
image Oriental Bittersweet Celastrus orbiculatus Not Native to US INVASIVE
American Bittersweet Celastrus scandens NC Native INVASIVE
Southern Hackberry, Sugarberry Celtis laevigata NC Native INVASIVE
Dwarf Hackberry, Georgia Hackberry Celtis tenuifolia NC Native INVASIVE
image Spurred Butterfly Pea Centrosema virginianum NC Native
image Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis NC Native
Eastern Redbud, Judas-tree Cercis canadensis var. canadensis NC Native INVASIVE
Common Partridge-pea, Partridge Sensitive-pea Chamaecrista fasciculata var. fasciculata [= Cassia fasciculata] NC Native INVASIVE
image Sensitive Partridge-pea, Common Sensitive-plant Chamaecrista nictitans [= Chamaecrista aspera] NC Native
image Atlantic White Cedar, Juniper Chamaecyparis thyoides NC Native
image Fairy Wand, Fairy-wand, Devil's Bit, Devil's-bit Chamaelirium luteum [= Chamaelirium obovale] NC Native
image Woolly Sunbonnets, Pineland Daisy, Night-nodding Bog-dandelion Chaptalia tomentosa NC Native
River Oats, Fish-on-a-pole Chasmanthium latifolium [= Uniola latifolia] NC Native INVASIVE
Slender Spikegrass, Slender Wood-oats Chasmanthium laxum [= Uniola laxa] NC Native INVASIVE
image White Turtlehead Chelone glabra NC Native
image Turtlehead Chelone lyonii NC Native
Purple Turtlehead, Red Turtlehead Chelone obliqua var. obliqua NC Native INVASIVE
image Spotted Wintergreen, Striped Pipsissawa Chimaphila maculata NC Native
image Fringe tree, Old man's beard Chionanthus virginicus NC Native
image Green And Gold Chrysogonum virginianum NC Native
image Cottony Goldenaster Chrysopsis gossypina NC Native
image Maryland Goldenaster Chrysopsis mariana [= Heterotheca mariana] NC Native
image Chicory Cichorium intybus Not Native to US INVASIVE
Common Yellow Thistle Cirsium horridulum [= Carduus spinosissimus] NC Native INVASIVE
image Virginia Thistle Cirsium virginianum [= Cirsium revolutum] NC Native
Yellow-wood, Yellowwood, American Yellowwood Cladrastis kentukea [= Cladrastis lutea] NC Native INVASIVE
Carolina Spring-beauty Claytonia caroliniana NC Native INVASIVE
image Virginia Spring Beauty Claytonia virginica NC Native
image Small Spreading Pogonia Cleistesiopsis bifaria [= Cleistes bifaria] NC Native
image Spreading Pogonia Cleistesiopsis divaricata [= Cleistes divaricata, Pogonia divaricata] NC Native
image Swamp Leatherflower, Southern Leatherflower Clematis crispa [= Viorna crispa] NC Native
image Curlyheads, Curly Heads Clematis ochroleuca [= Viorna ochroleuca] NC Native
image Sweet Autumn Virginsbower, Leatherleaf Clematis Clematis terniflora Not Native to US INVASIVE
image Leather Flower Clematis viorna NC Native
image Autumn Clematis, Virgin's Bower Clematis virginiana NC Native
Mountain Sweet-pepperbush, Mountain White-alder Clethra acuminata NC Native INVASIVE
Coastal Sweet-pepperbush, Coastal White-alder, Summersweet Clethra alnifolia NC Native INVASIVE
Downy Sweet-pepperbush, Downy White-alder, Summersweet Clethra tomentosa [= Clethra alnifolia var. tomentosa] S.E. Native INVASIVE
Black Ti-ti, Buckwheat Tree Cliftonia monophylla S.E. Native INVASIVE
Scarlet Calamint, Scarlet Wild Basil, Red Mint Shrub, Red Savory Clinopodium coccineum [= Calamintha coccinea, Satureja coccinea] S.E. Native INVASIVE
Georgia Calamint, Georgia Basil Clinopodium georgianum [= Satureja georgiana, Calamintha georgiana] NC Native INVASIVE
image Clinton's Lily, Yellow Clintonia, Bluebead Lily Clintonia borealis NC Native
image Speckled Wood Lily Clintonia umbellulata NC Native
Butteryfly Pea Clitoria mariana NC Native
image Tread Softly, Spurge Nettle Cnidoscolus stimulosus NC Native
Coralbeads, Carolina Moonseed, Snailseed, Red Moonseed Cocculus carolinus NC Native INVASIVE
Beaked Panic Grass Coleataenia anceps ssp. anceps [= Panicum anceps var. anceps, Panicum anceps] NC Native INVASIVE
Southern Horsebalm, Anise Horsebalm Collinsonia anisata [= Colllinsonia serotina, Collinsonia canadensis var. punctata] S.E. Native INVASIVE
image Canada Horsebalm, Richweed, Hardhack, Heal-All, Horseweed, Ox-Balm and Stone root. Collinsonia canadensis NC Native
Stoneroot, Late Stoneroot, Tuberous Horsebalm Collinsonia tuberosa NC Native INVASIVE
Whorled Horsebalm, Early Stoneroot, Deepwoods Horsebalm Collinsonia verticillata NC Native INVASIVE
Mistflower, Ageratum, Hardy Ageratum, Blue Boneset Conoclinium coelestinum [= Eupatorium coelestinum] NC Native INVASIVE
image Bearcorn, Cancer Root Conopholis americana NC Native
Gray Rosemary, False Rosemary, Woolly Rosemary, Blue-sage Conradina canescens S.E. Native INVASIVE
Cumberland Rosemary Conradina verticillata S.E. Native INVASIVE
image Appalachian Lily-of-the-Valley Convallaria pseudomajalis [= Convallaria majalis var. montana] NC Native
image Spotted Coral Root Corallorhiza maculata NC Native
image Autumn Coral Root Corallorhiza odontorhiza NC Native
image Spring Coral Root Corallorhiza wisteriana NC Native
Lobed Coreopsis, Lobed Tickseed, Mouse-ear Coreopsis Coreopsis auriculata NC Native INVASIVE
Swamp Coreopsis, Coastal Plain Tickseed Coreopsis gladiata NC Native INVASIVE
Large-flowered Coreopsis Coreopsis grandiflora NC Native INVASIVE
Longstalk Coreopsis, Lance-leaved Tickseed, Lanceleaf Coreopsis Coreopsis lanceolata NC Native
Broadleaf Coreopsis, Broadleaf Tickseed Coreopsis latifolia NC Native INVASIVE
Woodland Coreopsis, Forest Tickseed Coreopsis major NC Native INVASIVE
Tall Coreopsis, Golden Crown, Tall Tickseed Coreopsis tripteris NC Native INVASIVE
Threadleaf Coreopsis, Cutleaf Tickseed, Whorled Coreopsis Coreopsis verticillata NC Native INVASIVE
Alternate-leaf Dogwood, Pagoda Cornel, Pagoda Dogwood Cornus alternifolia [= Swida alternifolia] NC Native INVASIVE
Silky Dogwood Cornus amomum [= Swida amomum] NC Native INVASIVE
Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida [= Benthamidia florida] NC Native INVASIVE
image Southern Swamp Dogwood, Stiff Dogwood Cornus foemina [= Cornus stricta] NC Native
image Southern Corydalis Corydalis halei [= Corydalis micrantha ssp. australis] NC Native
image American Hazelnut Corylus americana NC Native
Beaked Hazelnut, Beaked Filbert Corylus cornuta var. cornuta [= Corylus cornuta] NC Native INVASIVE
American Smoketree Cotinus obovatus S.E. Native INVASIVE
Mayhaw, Eastern Mayhaw Crataegus aestivalis NC Native INVASIVE
image Fanleaf Hawthorn, Bigfruit Hawthorn Crataegus macrosperma NC Native
Parsley Hawthorn, Parsley Haw Crataegus marshallii NC Native INVASIVE
Washington Hawthorn, Washington Thorn Crataegus phaenopyrum NC Native INVASIVE
image Dotted Hawthorn Crataegus punctata [= Crataegus collina] NC Native
Littlehip Hawthorn, Pasture Hawthorn, Smallfruit Hawthorn Crataegus spathulata NC Native INVASIVE
Oneflower Hawthorn, One-flowered Hawthorn, Dwarf Hawthorn Crataegus uniflora NC Native INVASIVE
Green Hawthorn, Southern Hawthorn Crataegus viridis NC Native INVASIVE
Swamp-lily, String-lily, Seven-sisters, American Crinum Lily, Southern Swamp Lily Crinum americanum var. americanum NC Native INVASIVE
image Hoary Frostweed, Plains Frostweed, Plains Sunrose, Bicknell's Hoary Rockrose Crocanthemum bicknellii NC Native
Alabama Croton Croton alabamensis var. alabamensis S.E. Native INVASIVE
image Grassleaf Roseling Cuthbertia graminea [= Callisia graminea, Tradescantia rosea var. graminea] NC Native
Common Roseling, Piedmont Roseling Cuthbertia rosea [= Tradescantia rosea var. rosea, Callisia rosea] NC Native INVASIVE
False Nutsedge, Straw-colored Flatsedge Cyperus strigosus NC Native INVASIVE
image Pink Lady's-slipper, Stemless Lady's-slipper Cypripedium acaule NC Native
image Small Yellow Lady's-slipper Cypripedium parviflorum var. parviflorum [= Cypripedium calceolus var. parviflorum] NC Native
image Large Yellow Lady's-slipper, Whippoorwill Shoes Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens [= Cypripedium calceolus var. pubescens] NC Native
image Showy Lady'-slipper, Queen Lady's-slipper Cypripedium reginae US Native
Littleleaf Titi, Dwarf TIti Cyrilla parvifolia [Cyrilla racemiflora var. parvifolia] S.E. Native INVASIVE
image Swamp Titi, Swamp Cyrilla Cyrilla racemiflora NC Native
image Long-bracted Frog Orchid, Frog Orchid Dactylorhiza viridis [= Coeloglossum viride var. virescens, Habenaria viridis var. bracteata] NC Native
Mountain Oat-grass, Allegheny Flyback, Flattened Oatgrass Danthonia compressa NC Native INVASIVE
Silky Oat-grass, Downy Danthonia Danthonia sericea NC Native INVASIVE
Poverty Oat-grass, Moonshine Grass Danthonia spicata NC Native INVASIVE
image Water-oleander, Water-willow, Water-loosestrife Decodon verticillatus NC Native
Climbing Hydrangea, Woodvamp, Decumary Decumaria barbara [= Hydrangea barbara] NC Native INVASIVE
image Dwarf Larkspur Delphinium tricorne NC Native
image Flat-branched Tree Clubmoss, Common Ground-Pine Dendrolycopodium obscurum [= Lycopodium obscurum] NC Native
Hay scented fern Dennstaedtia punctilobula NC Native
Tufted Hairgrass Deschampsia cespitosa ssp. glauca [= Deschampsia caespitosa var. glauca, Deschampsia cespitosa, Deschampsia anadyrensis] NC Native INVASIVE
image Deptford Pink Dianthus armeria ssp. armeria Not Native to US
image Squirrel Corn Dicentra canadensis NC Native
image Dutchman's Breeches, Dutchman's Britches Dicentra cucullaria NC Native
Wild Bleeding Heart, Fringed Bleeding Heart Dicentra eximia NC Native INVASIVE
Deer-tongue Witchgrass, Deertongue Dichanthelium clandestinum [= Panicum clandestinum] NC Native INVASIVE
Southern Bush-honeysuckle, Smoooth Southern Bush-honeysuckle Diervilla sessilifolia NC Native INVASIVE
image Poorjoe, Rough Buttonweed Diodella teres [= Diodia teres, Hexasepalum teres] NC Native
image Virginia Buttonweed, Large Buttonweed Diodia virginiana NC Native
image Venus Flytrap, Meadow Clam, Tippitiwichet Dionaea muscipula NC Native
Wild Yam Dioscorea villosa NC Native INVASIVE
image Persimmon, Possum Apple, Possumwood Diospyros virginiana NC Native
image Common Running-cedar, Fan Ground-pine Diphasiastrum digitatum [= Lycopodium digitatum] NC Native
image Umbrella-leaf, Pixie-parasol Diphylleia cymosa NC Native
image Leatherwood, Leatherbark, Wicopy, Wicopee, Rope-bark Dirca palustris NC Native
image Dwarf Sundew Drosera brevifolia NC Native
image Pink Sundew, Bog Sundew Drosera capillaris NC Native
image Threadleaf Sundew Drosera filiformis NC Native
image Spoonleaf Sundew, Water Sundew Drosera intermedia NC Native
image Roundleaf Sundew Drosera rotundifolia NC Native
Tracy's Sundew Drosera tracyi S.E. Native
Three-way Sedge Dulichium arundinaceum var. arundinaceum [= Dulichium arundinaceum] NC Native INVASIVE
image Eastern Purple Coneflower Echinacea purpurea NC Native
Tennessee Purple Coneflower Echinacea tennesseensis S.E. Native INVASIVE
image Coastal Plain Elephant's-foot, Pineland Elephant's-foot Elephantopus nudatus NC Native
image Common Elephant's-foot, Elephant's Foot, Devil's Grandmother Elephantopus tomentosus NC Native
Southern-plume, Georgia-plume Elliottia racemosa S.E. Native INVASIVE
Bottlebrush Grass, Eastern Bottle-brush Grass Elymus hystrix [= Hystrix patula] NC Native INVASIVE
Wild Rye, Virginia Wild Rye, Terrell Grass Elymus virginicus NC Native INVASIVE
image Virginia Snakeroot, Turpentine-root, Serpent Birthwort Endodeca serpentaria [= Aristolochia serpentaria] NC Native
image False Rue-anemone, Atlantic Isopyrum Enemion biternatum [= Isopyrum biternatum] NC Native
image Green-fly Orchid, Green Fly Orchid Epidendrum conopseum [= Epidendrum magnoliae] NC Native
image Beechdrops, Beech-drops Epifagus virginiana NC Native
image Trailing Arbutus, Mayflower, Ground Laurel Epigaea repens NC Native
image Broad-leaved Helleborine, Eastern Helleborine, Weed Orchid Epipactis helleborine Not Native to US
Field Horsetail Equisetum arvense NC Native INVASIVE
Tall Scouring-rush, River Scouring-rush Equisetum hyemale ssp. affine [= Equisetum hyemale var. affine] NC Native INVASIVE
Purple Lovegrass, Tumblegrass, Petticoat Climber Eragrostis spectabilis NC Native INVASIVE
Silver Plume Grass, Foxtail Plume-grass Erianthus alopecuroides [= Saccharum alopecuroides] NC Native INVASIVE
Brown Plume Grass, Compressed Plume Grass Erianthus coarctatus [= Saccharum coarctatum] NC Native INVASIVE
Bent-awn Plume Grass Erianthus contortus [= Saccharum brevibarbe var. contortum] NC Native INVASIVE
Sugarcane Plume Grass, Giant Plume Grass Erianthus giganteus [= Saccharum giganteum] NC Native INVASIVE
image Annual Fleabane, Daisy Fleabane, Sweet Scabious Erigeron annuus NC Native
Philadelphia-daisy, Philadelphia Fleabane, Common Fleabane Erigeron philadelphicus var. philadelphicus [= Erigeron philadelphicus] NC Native INVASIVE
Robin's-plantain Erigeron pulchellus var. pulchellus [= Erigeron pulchellus] NC Native INVASIVE
Common Rough Fleabane, Lesser Daisy Fleabane, Slender Daisy-fleabane Erigeron strigosus var. strigosus NC Native INVASIVE
Common Ten-angled Pipewort, Bog-hatpins, Hard Pipewort Eriocaulon decangulare var. decangulare [= Eriocaulon decangulare] NC Native INVASIVE
image Tawny Cottongrass, Tawny Cottonsedge Eriophorum virginicum NC Native
Rattlesnake-master, Button Eryngo Eryngium yuccifolium NC Native INVASIVE
image Coral Bean, Coralbean, Coral-bean, Redcardinal, Cardinal-spear Erythrina herbacea NC Native
American Trout Lily, Dogtooth Violet, Fawn Lily Erythronium americanum ssp. americanum NC Native INVASIVE
image Dimpled Trout Lily, Dog-tooth Violet, Fawn Lily Erythronium umbilicatum [split from Erythronium americanum] NC Native
image Coastal Fetterbush, Swamp Sweetbells, Swamp Doghobble, Coastal-plain Doghobble Eubotrys racemosus [= Leucothoe racemosa] NC Native
Mountain Fetterbush, Redtwig Doghobble Eubotrys recurvus [= Leucothoe recurva] NC Native INVASIVE
image Winged Euonymus, Burning Bush, Winged Wahoo Euonymus alatus Not Native to US INVASIVE
image Hearts-a-bustin', Strawberry-bush Euonymus americanus NC Native
image White-bracted Thoroughwort, White Thoroughwort Eupatorium album NC Native
image Mohr's Thoroughwort Eupatorium mohrii NC Native
Boneset, White Boneset, Common Boneset, Boneset Thoroughwort Eupatorium perfoliatum NC Native INVASIVE
image Common Roundleaf Eupatorium, Round-leaved Thoroughwort Eupatorium rotundifolium NC Native
image Southern Seaside Spurge, Dixie Sandmat Euphorbia bombensis [= Euphorbia ammannioides, Chamaesyce bombensis] NC Native
image Flowering Spurge, Tramp's Spurge Euphorbia corollata NC Native
image Wild Poinsettia, Painted Leaf, Fire-on-the-Mountain, Fiddler's Spurge, Mexican Fireplant Euphorbia cyathophora [= Euphorbia heterophylla; see Notes, below] NC Native
image Cypress Spurge, Graveyard Spurge Euphorbia cyparissias Not Native to US
image Northern Seaside Spurge, Northern Dune Spurge, Northern Sandmat Euphorbia polygonifolia [= Chamaesyce polygonifolia] NC Native
image White Wood Aster, Common White Heart-Leaved Aster Eurybia divaricata [= Aster divaricatus] NC Native
Big-leaved Aster, Large-leaved Wood-aster Eurybia macrophylla [= Aster macrophyllus] NC Native INVASIVE
image Slender Fragrant Goldenrod, Slender Goldentop Euthamia caroliniana [= Euthamia tenuifolia, Solidago tenuifolia] NC Native
Three-nerved Joe-Pye-weed, Coastal Plain Joe-Pye-weed, Joe-Pye Thoroughwort Eutrochium dubium [= Eupatorium dubium] NC Native INVASIVE
image Hollow-stem Joe-Pye-weed, Queen of the Meadow Eutrochium fistulosum [= Eupatorium fistulosum] NC Native
Spotted Joe-Pye-weed Eutrochium maculatum var. maculatum [= Eupatorium maculatum] NC Native INVASIVE
Purple-node Joe-Pye-weed, Sweet-scented Joe-Pye-weed, Purple Joe-Pye Weed Eutrochium purpureum var. purpureum [= Eupatorium purpureum] NC Native INVASIVE
American Beech, Gray Beech, Red Beech, White Beech Fagus grandifolia NC Native INVASIVE
Red Fescue Festuca rubra ssp. rubra [= Festuca rubra] Undetermined INVASIVE
Coastal Witch-alder, Dwarf Fothergilla Fothergilla gardenii NC Native INVASIVE
Large Witch-alder, Mountain Witch-alder, Tall Fothergilla Fothergilla major NC Native INVASIVE
image Wild Strawberry Fragaria virginiana NC Native
Carolina Buckthorn Frangula caroliniana [= Rhamnus caroliniana] NC Native INVASIVE
image Franklinia, Franklin Tree Franklinia alatamaha S.E. Native
White Ash, American Ash Fraxinus americana NC Native INVASIVE
Carolina Ash, Water Ash, Pop Ash Fraxinus caroliniana NC Native INVASIVE
image Green Ash, Red Ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica NC Native
Beach Blanket-flower Gaillardia pulchella var. drummondii NC Native INVASIVE
image Galax, Beetleweed Galax urceolata [= Galax aphylla] NC Native
image Showy Orchis Galearis spectabilis [= Orchis spectabilis] NC Native
Eastern Teaberry, Wintergreen, Checkerberry Gaultheria procumbens NC Native INVASIVE
Black Huckleberry, Crackleberry Gaylussacia baccata NC Native INVASIVE
Southern Dwarf Huckleberry, Dwarf Huckleberry Gaylussacia dumosa NC Native INVASIVE
Blue Huckleberry, Dangleberry Gaylussacia frondosa NC Native INVASIVE
Swamp Jessamine, Rankin's Trumpetflower Gelsemium rankinii INVASIVE
image Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jessamine Gelsemium sempervirens NC Native
Closed Bottle Gentian Gentiana andrewsii var. andrewsii US Native
image Pinebarren Gentian, Autumn Gentian Gentiana autumnalis NC Native
Elliott's Gentian, Catesby's Gentian, Coastal Plain Gentian Gentiana catesbaei NC Native INVASIVE
Bottle Gentian, Meadow Closed Gentian, Gentiana clausa NC Native INVASIVE
Soapwort Gentian, Harvestbells Gentiana saponaria NC Native INVASIVE
image Striped Gentian Gentiana villosa NC Native
image Stiff Gentian, Eastern Agueweed Gentianella quinquefolia var. quinquefolia NC Native
image Eastern Fringed-gentian, Fringed Gentian Gentianopsis crinita [= Gentiana crinita] NC Native
image Wild Geranium, Spotted Crane's-bill Geranium maculatum NC Native
image Southern Barren Strawberry Geum donianum [= Waldsteinia fragarioides var. parviflora] NC Native
Northern Barren Strawberry Geum fragarioides [=Waldsteinia fragarioides] NC Native INVASIVE
image Appalachian Avens, Cliff Avens, Spreading Avens Geum radiatum NC Native
image American Ipecac, Midwestern Indian-physic, Bowman's-root Gillenia stipulata [= Porteranthus stipulatus] NC Native
image Bowman's-root, Mountain Indian-physic Gillenia trifoliata [= Porteranthus trifoliatus] NC Native
Rose Vervain, Rose Mock Vervain, Creeping Vervain Glandularia canadensis [=Verbena canadensis] NC Native INVASIVE
image Downy Rattlesnake-orchid, Downy Rattlesnake-plantain Goodyera pubescens NC Native
image Lesser Rattlesnake-orchid, Lesser Rattlesnake-plaintain Goodyera repens NC Native
image Loblolly Bay, Gordonia Gordonia lasianthus NC Native
Kentucky Coffeetree, Kentucky Mahogany Gymnocladus dioicus NC Native INVASIVE
image Water-spider Orchid, Floating Orchid Habenaria repens NC Native
Carolina Silverbell, Little Silverbell Halesia carolina [= Halesia parviflora] S.E. Native
Two-wing silverbell Halesia diptera S.E. Native
image Common Silverbell, Mountain Silverbell, Snowdrop-tree Halesia tetraptera [split from Halesia carolina] NC Native
Vernal Witchhazel, Ozark Witchhazel Hamamelis vernalis US Native
image Northern Witch-hazel Hamamelis virginiana var. virginiana NC Native
image English Ivy, Common Ivy Hedera helix var. helix Not Native to US INVASIVE
image Bitterweed, Sneezeweed, Yellowdicks Helenium amarum var. amarum US Native
Common Sneezeweed, Dogtooth-daisy, Autumn Sneezeweed, Large-flowered Sneezeweed Helenium autumnale NC Native INVASIVE
Purple-headed Sneezeweed, Southern Sneezeweed Helenium flexuosum [=Helenium nudiflorum] NC Native INVASIVE
Narrowleaf Sunflower, Swamp Sunflower Helianthus angustifolius NC Native INVASIVE
Purpledisk Sunflower, Appalachian Sunflower Helianthus atrorubens NC Native INVASIVE
Thinleaf Sunflower, Forest Sunflower Helianthus decapetalus NC Native INVASIVE
Woodland sunflower, Rough sunflower Helianthus divaricatus (= Helianthus divaricatus var. angustifolius) NC Native INVASIVE
Small Wood Sunflower, Small-headed Sunflower, Small Woodland Sunflower Helianthus microcephalus NC Native INVASIVE
Fewleaf Sunflower, Naked-stem Sunflower Helianthus occidentalis ssp. occidentalis [=Helianthus occidentalis var. dowellianus] NC Native INVASIVE
Resinous Sunflower, Resindot Sunflower Helianthus resinosus NC Native INVASIVE
image Schweinitz's Sunflower Helianthus schweinitzii NC Native
Paleleaf Sunflower, Paleleaf Woodland Sunflower, Roughleaf Sunflower Helianthus strumosus NC Native INVASIVE
Jerusalem Artichoke, Sunchoke Helianthus tuberosus US Native
Eastern Oxeye, Eastern Sunflower-everlasting, Smooth Oxeye, Heliopsis helianthoides var. helianthoides NC Native INVASIVE
Swamp Pink Helonias bullata NC Native INVASIVE
image Orange Day-lily, Tawny Day-lily Hemerocallis fulva Not Native to US
image Cow-parsnip, American Hogweed Heracleum maximum [= Heracleum lanatum] NC Native
image Dune Camphorweed Heterotheca subaxillaris NC Native
image American Alumroot Heuchera americana NC Native
Hairy Alumroot, Giant Alumroot Heuchera villosa var. macrorhiza [=Heuchera macrorhiza] S.E. Native INVASIVE
Hairy Alumroot, Rock Alumroot, Crag-jangle Heuchera villosa var. villosa NC Native
image Crested Coralroot, Crested Coral-root, Brunetta Hexalectris spicata NC Native
image Little Brown Jug, Arrowleaf Heartleaf, Piggies Ginger Hexastylis arifolia var. arifolia NC Native
image Variable-leaf Heartleaf, Variable-leaf Ginger Hexastylis heterophylla [split from Hexastylis virginica] NC Native
image Little Heartleaf, Little Ginger Hexastylis minor NC Native
Dwarf-flower Heartleaf Hexastylis naniflora [=Hexastylis virginica, Asarum naniflorum] NC Native INVASIVE
Harper's Heartleaf, Largeflower Heartleaf Hexastylis shuttleworthii var. harperi [=Asarum shuttleworthii var. harperi] S.E. Native INVASIVE
image Large-flower Heartleaf, Shuttleworth's Ginger Hexastylis shuttleworthii var. shuttleworthii NC Native
Showy Heartleaf, Harper's Heartleaf, Harper's Ginger Hexastylis speciosa [=Hexastylis speciosum, Asarum speciosum] S.E. Native
image Pineland Hibiscus, Savanna Hibiscus, Comfort-root Hibiscus aculeatus NC Native
Scarlet Hibiscus, Scarlet Rosemallow, Red Hibiscus Hibiscus coccineus S.E. Native
Velvet Mallow, Swamp Rosemallow, Large-flowered Hibiscus Hibiscus grandiflorus S.E. Native
Smooth Rose-mallow, Halberd-leaved Marsh-mallow, Showy Hibiscus Hibiscus laevis [= Hibiscus militaris] NC Native INVASIVE
Swamp Rosemallow, Eastern Rose-mallow, Crimson-eyed Rosemallow Hibiscus moscheutos NC Native INVASIVE
Little Barley Hordeum pusillum [= Critesion pusillum] NC Native INVASIVE
image Quaker Ladies, Innocence, Common Bluet Houstonia caerulea NC Native
image Eastern Longleaf Bluet Houstonia longifolia var. compacta NC Native
image Tiny Bluet, Early Bluet Houstonia pusilla NC Native
image Sand Heather, Woolly Beach-heather, Beach Heath, Poverty Grass Hudsonia tomentosa NC Native
image Appalachian Clubmoss, Appalachian Fir-clubmoss Huperzia appressa [= Huperzia appalachiana, Lycopodium selago var. appressum] NC Native
Shining Firmoss, Shining Clubmoss Huperzia lucidula [= Lycopodium lucidulum] NC Native INVASIVE
image Cliff Saxifrage, Michaux's Saxifrage Hydatica petiolaris [= Saxifraga michauxii, Micranthes petiolaris] NC Native
Wild Hydrangea, Sevenbark Hydrangea arborescens NC Native INVASIVE
Oakleaf Hydrangea Hydrangea quercifolia S.E. Native
Silverleaf Hydrangea, Snowy Hydrangea Hydrangea radiata [= Hydrangea arborescens ssp. radiata] NC Native
Goldenseal Hydrastis canadensis NC Native INVASIVE
image Eastern Waterleaf, Virginia Waterleaf, Appalachian Waterleaf Hydrophyllum virginianum NC Native
Shoals Spider-lily, Cahaba Lily Hymenocallis coronaria S.E. Native
image Coastal Spiderlily Hymenocallis crassifolia NC Native
Northern Spider-lily, Woodland Spiderlily, Hammock Spiderlily Hymenocallis occidentalis var. occidentalis NC Native INVASIVE
Mountain Bushy St. John's-wort Hypericum densiflorum var. densiflorum NC Native INVASIVE
Cedarglade St. Johnswort, Golden St. Johnswort Hypericum frondosum [=Hypericum aureum] [=Hypericum splendens] S.E. Native
image St. Andrew's Cross Hypericum hypericoides [= Ascyrum hypericoides] NC Native
Sandhill St. John's-wort Hypericum lloydii [=Hypericum galioides var. lloydii] NC Native INVASIVE
Shrubby St. John's-wort Hypericum prolificum [=Hypericum spathulatum] NC Native INVASIVE
St. Andrew's-cross, Low St. John's-wort, Straggling St. John’s-wort Hypericum stragulum [=Hypericum hypericoides ssp. multicaule] NC Native INVASIVE
Atlantic St. John's-Wort, Sandhill St. John's-wort Hypericum tenuifolium [=Hypericum reductum] NC Native INVASIVE
image Pinesap, Yellow Pinesap, False Beechdrops Hypopitys monotropa [= Monotropa hypopithys] NC Native
image Common Stargrass, Eastern Stargrass, Upland Stargrass Hypoxis hirsuta NC Native
image Dahoon, Dahoon Holly, Cassena Ilex cassine NC Native
image Long-stalked Holly, Cherry Holly Ilex collina NC Native
image Big Gallberry, Sweet Gallberry Ilex coriacea NC Native
Possumhaw Holly, Possum-haw Ilex decidua var. decidua NC Native INVASIVE
image Inkberry Holly, Little Gallberry Ilex glabra NC Native
Mountain Holly, Mountain Winterberry Ilex montana [=Ilex ambigua var. montana] NC Native INVASIVE
image Myrtle Holly, Myrtle Dahoon Ilex myrtifolia [= Ilex cassine var. myrtifolia] NC Native
image American Holly, Christmas Holly Ilex opaca NC Native
Common Winterberry Ilex verticillata NC Native INVASIVE
image Yaupon Ilex vomitoria NC Native
Florida Anisetree, Anise Tree, Florida Star-anise Illicium floridanum S.E. Native
Swamp Star-anise, Yellow Anise-tree, Ocala Anise-tree Illicium parviflorum S.E. Native
Orange Jewelweed, Orange Touch-me-not, Spotted Touch-me-not Impatiens capensis [=Impatiens biflora] NC Native INVASIVE
Yellow Jewelweed, Yellow Touch-me-not, Pale Touch-me-not Impatiens pallida NC Native INVASIVE
Scarlet Creeper, Red Morning-glory, Redstar Ipomoea coccinea [=Quamoclit coccinea] Undetermined INVASIVE
Beach Morning-glory Ipomoea imperati [=Ipomoea stolonifera] NC Native INVASIVE
Wild Potato-vine, Wild Sweet Potato, Manroot, Man-of-the-earth Ipomoea pandurata NC Native INVASIVE
image Dwarf Crested Iris Iris cristata NC Native
image Slender Blue Flag, Slender Blue Iris Iris prismatica NC Native
Savanna Iris Iris tridentata NC Native INVASIVE
image Dwarf Iris, Dwarf Violet Iris Iris verna NC Native
image Southern Blue Flag, Virginia Iris Iris virginica NC Native
Pipevine, Dutchman's-pipe Isotrema macrophyllum [=Aristolochia macrophylla, Aristolochia durior] NC Native INVASIVE
image Small Whorled Pogonia, Little Five-leaves Isotria medeoloides NC Native
image Large Whorled Pogonia, Large Five-fingers Isotria verticillata NC Native
Virginia Sweetspire, Virginia-willow, Sweet-spire, Tassel-white Itea virginica NC Native INVASIVE
image Maritime Marsh-elder, Hightide Bush, Jesuit's Bark Iva frutescens NC Native
image Twinleaf Jeffersonia diphylla NC Native
Black Walnut Juglans nigra NC Native INVASIVE
Common Rush, Soft Rush Juncus effusus var. solutus NC Native INVASIVE
Ground Juniper, Mountain Juniper, Common Juniper Juniperus communis var. depressa NC Native INVASIVE
Eastern Red Cedar Juniperus virginiana NC Native INVASIVE
image American Water-willow, Common Water-willow Justicia americana NC Native
Sheep Laurel, Northern Sheepkill Kalmia angustifolia NC Native INVASIVE
image Sand-myrtle, Sand Myrtle Kalmia buxifolia [= Leiophyllum buxifolium] NC Native
image Carolina Sheep Laurel, Southern Sheepkill, Carolina Wicky, Carolina Bog Myrtle Kalmia carolina [= Kalmia angustifolia var. carolina] NC Native
image White Wicky Kalmia cuneata NC Native
image Mountain Laurel, Ivy, Calico-bush Kalmia latifolia NC Native
image Seashore-mallow, Saltmarsh-mallow, Fen-rose Kosteletzkya pentacarpos [= Kosteletzkya virginica] NC Native
image Redroot Lachnanthes caroliniana [= Lachnanthes tinctoria] NC Native
image Everlasting Pea, Perennial Sweet Pea Lathyrus latifolius Not Native to US
Tiny Duckweed, Minute Duckweed Lemna perpusilla NC Native INVASIVE
Roundhead Bush-clover, Roundhead Lespedeza, Bush-clover Lespedeza capitata NC Native INVASIVE
Slender Lespedeza, Virginia Lespedeza, Slender Bush-clover Lespedeza virginica NC Native INVASIVE
image Coastal Doghobble, Coastal Plain Doghobble Leucothoe axillaris NC Native
Highland Doghobble, Mountain Doghobble, Switch-ivy, Drooping Leucothoe, Drooping Fetterbush Leucothoe fontanesiana [=Leucothoe axillaris var. editorum, Leucothoe walteri, Leucothoe catesbaei, Leucothoe editorum] NC Native INVASIVE
Rough Blazing-star, Tall Blazing-star Liatris aspera NC Native INVASIVE
Shaggy Blazing-star Liatris pilosa [=Liatris graminifolia] NC Native INVASIVE
Dense Blazing-star Liatris spicata var. resinosa NC Native INVASIVE
Dense Blazing-star, Florist's Gayfeather Liatris spicata var. spicata [Liatris spicata var. typica] NC Native INVASIVE
Scaly Blazing-star Liatris squarrosa var. squarrosa NC Native INVASIVE
image Southern Blazing-star, Earle's Blazing-star, Appalachian Blazing-star, Appalachian Gayfeather Liatris squarrulosa [= Liatris earlei] NC Native
Wand Blazing-star, Grass-leaved Blazing-star (the name generally applied to the former L. graminifolia) Liatris virgata [=Liatris graminifolia var. smallii] NC Native INVASIVE
image American Lovage, Nondo, Angelico Ligusticum canadense NC Native
image Pine Lily, Catesby's Lily, Leopard Lily Lilium catesbaei NC Native
image Gray's Lily, Roan Lily, Bell Lily Lilium grayi NC Native
image Michaux's Lily, Carolina Lily Lilium michauxii NC Native
image Wood Lily Lilium philadelphicum var. philadelphicum NC Native
image Sandhills Lily, Sandhills Bog Lily Lilium pyrophilum NC Native
image Turk's-cap Lily, Lily-royal Lilium superbum NC Native
Northern Spicebush Lindera benzoin NC Native INVASIVE
image Large Twayblade, Lily-Leaved Twayblade, Purple Twayblade, Mauve Sleekwort, Brown Widelip Orchid, Russet-witch Liparis liliifolia NC Native
image Fen Orchid, Loesel's Twayblade, Bog Twayblade, Yellow Wide-lip Orchid Liparis loeselii NC Native
image Sweet Gum, Red Gum, Sweetgum Liquidambar styraciflua NC Native
image Tulip Poplar, Yellow Poplar, Tuliptree Liriodendron tulipifera NC Native
image Southern Twayblade Listera australis NC Native
image Heartleaf Twayblade, Lesser Twayblade Listera cordata var. cordata NC Native
image Appalachian Twayblade, Small's Twayblade, Kidneyleaf Twayblade Listera smallii NC Native
image Hoary Puccoon, Indian-paint Lithospermum canescens NC Native
image Pondspice Litsea aestivalis NC Native
image Southern Lobelia Lobelia amoena NC Native
image Cardinal Flower Lobelia cardinalis NC Native
image Indian-tobacco, Indian Tobacco Lobelia inflata NC Native
image Downy Lobelia Lobelia puberula NC Native
image Great Blue Lobelia Lobelia siphilitica NC Native
image Limber Honeysuckle Lonicera dioica NC Native
Yellow Honeysuckle Lonicera flava NC Native INVASIVE
image Trumpet Honeysuckle, Coral Honeysuckle, Woodbine Lonicera sempervirens NC Native
Alternate-leaf Seedbox, Tall Seedbox, Bushy Seedbox Ludwigia alternifolia NC Native INVASIVE
image Blue Sandhill Lupine, Oak Ridge Lupine, Spreading Lupine, Skyblue Lupine Lupinus diffusus NC Native
Northern Sundial Lupine Lupinus perennis ssp. perennis NC Native INVASIVE
Lady Lupine, Pink Sandhill Lupine, Hairy Lupine Lupinus villosus NC Native INVASIVE
Southern Bog Clubmoss, Appressed Bog-clubmoss Lycopodiella appressa [= Lycopodim appressum] NC Native INVASIVE
Running Clubmoss, Staghorn Clubmoss, Wolf's Claw Clubmoss, Robin Hood's Hatbands Lycopodium clavatum NC Native INVASIVE
Northern Maleberry, He-huckleberry Lyonia ligustrina var. ligustrina [=Arsenococcus ligustrinus, Xolisma ligustrina] NC Native INVASIVE
image Shining Fetterbush, Fetterbush Lyonia, Shinyleaf, Fetterbush, Staggerbush Lyonia lucida NC Native
image Staggerbush Lyonia mariana NC Native
Fringed Loosestrife Lysimachia ciliata [=Steironema ciliatum] NC Native INVASIVE
image Whorled Loosestrife, Whorled Yellow loosestrife, Prairie Loosestrife Lysimachia quadrifolia NC Native
image Carolina Birds-in-a-nest, Carolina Bogmint, Carolina Macbridea, Macbridea Macbridea caroliniana NC Native
Osage-orange, Hedge-Apple, Bowwood Maclura pomifera [=Toxylon pomiferum] S.E. Native
Cucumber Magnolia, Cucumber-tree, Mountain Magnolia Magnolia acuminata NC Native INVASIVE
Piedmont Cucumber Magnolia, Yellow Cucumber-tree, Showy Cucumber Magnolia Magnolia acuminata var. subcordata [=Magnolia cordata] NC Native INVASIVE
Ashe’s Magnolia Magnolia ashei [=Magnolia macrophylla ssp. ashei] S.E. Native INVASIVE
Fraser Magnolia, Mountain Magnolia, Fraser’s Magnolia, Earleaf Umbrella-tree, Eared Magnolia Magnolia fraseri [=Paramagnolia fraseri var. fraseri] NC Native INVASIVE
image Southern Magnolia, Bull Bay Magnolia grandiflora NC Native
image Big Leaf Magnolia, Large-leaved Cucumber Tree Magnolia macrophylla NC Native
Umbrella Magnolia, Umbrella-tree. Magnolia tripetala [=Houpoea tripetala] NC Native INVASIVE
image Northern Sweet Bay, Sweetbay Magnolia, Swampbay, Swamp Magnolia, Sweet Magnolia Magnolia virginiana var. virginiana NC Native
Canada Mayflower, False Lily-of-the-valley, Canadian Lily-of-the-valley Maianthemum canadense [=Unifolium canadense] NC Native INVASIVE
image Eastern Solomon's-plume, False Solomon's-seal, Feathery False Lily-of-the-valley Maianthemum racemosum ssp. racemosum [= Smilacina racemosa] NC Native
Appalachian Adder's-mouth, Bayard's Adder's-mouth Orchid Malaxis bayardii NC Native
image Florida Adder's-mouth, Florida Adder's Mouth Malaxis spicata NC Native
image Green Adder's-mouth, Green Adder's Mouth Malaxis unifolia NC Native
Southern Crabapple, Wild Crabapple, Narrow-leaved Crabapple Malus angustifolia [=Pyrus angustifolia] NC Native INVASIVE
Sweet Crabapple, Wild Crabapple, American Crabapple, Garland Crabapple Malus coronaria [=Pyrus coronaria] NC Native INVASIVE
image Musk Mallow, Rose Mallow Malva moschata Not Native to US
image Grassleaf Barbara's-button Marshallia graminifolia NC Native
Oak-barrens Barbara's Buttons, Tall Barbara's Buttons Marshallia legrandii NC Native INVASIVE
Spoon-shaped Barbara's-buttons, Piedmont Barbara's-buttons Marshallia obovata NC Native INVASIVE
Narrowleaf Barbara's-buttons, Slim-leaf Barbara's-buttons Marshallia tenuifolia [=Marshallia graminifolia var. cynanthera ] S.E. Native INVASIVE
image Ostrich Fern Matteuccia struthiopteris var. pensylvanica US Native
Indian Cucumber-root, Indian Cucumber Medeola virginiana NC Native INVASIVE
image Meehan's Mint, Creeping Mint, Meehania Meehania cordata NC Native
image Cow-wheat, Common Cow-wheat, Appalachian Cow-wheat, Narrowleaf Cow-wheat Melampyrum lineare NC Native
Moonseed, Common Moonseed, Yellow Parilla, Canada Moonseed Menispermum canadense NC Native INVASIVE
image Virginia Bluebells, Virginia Cowslip Mertensia virginica NC Native
image Branch-lettuce, Brook Lettuce, Mountain Lettuce, Lettuceleaf Saxifrage Micranthes micranthidifolia [= Saxifraga micranthidifolia] NC Native
image Eastern Swamp Saxifrage Micranthes pensylvanica [= Saxifraga pensylvanica] NC Native
image Early Saxifrage Micranthes virginiensis [= Saxifraga virginiensis] NC Native
image Partridge-berry, Twinberry, Running Box, Pigeon Plum Mitchella repens NC Native
image Miterwort Mitella diphylla NC Native
Lemon Beebalm, Purple Horsemint, Lemon Mint, Plains Horsemint, Lemon Horsemint, Horsemint, Purple Lemon Mint Monarda citriodora US Native INVASIVE
image Basil Bergamot, White Bergamot, Basil Beebalm Monarda clinopodia NC Native
image Bee-balm, Oswego Tea, Scarlet Beebalm, Red Bergamot Monarda didyma NC Native
Wild Bergamot Monarda fistulosa NC Native INVASIVE
image Eastern Horse-mint, Spotted Horsemint, Spotted Beebalm, Monarda punctata NC Native
image Indian Pipes, One-flowered Indian-pipes Monotropa uniflora NC Native
image Wax Myrtle, Southern Bayberry, Candleberry, Tallow Shrub Morella cerifera [= Myrica cerifera] NC Native
image Dwarf Wax-myrtle, Dwarf Bayberry Morella pumila [= Myrica cerifera var. pumila] NC Native
Red Mulberry, Common Mulberry Morus rubra NC Native INVASIVE
Hair-awn Muhly, Hairgrass, Pink Muhly Muhlenbergia capillaris [= Muhlenbergia capillaris var. capillaris] NC Native INVASIVE
Cut-over Muhly, Savanna Hairgrass Muhlenbergia expansa [= Muhlenbergia capillaris var. trichopodes] NC Native INVASIVE
Sweet Grass, Dune Hairgrass Muhlenbergia sericea [= Muhlenbergia capillaris var. filipes, Muhlenbergia filipes] NC Native INVASIVE
Muscadine, Scuppernong Muscadinia rotundifolia var. rotundifolia NC Native INVASIVE
image Hairy Lipfern Myriopteris lanosa [= Cheilanthes lanosa] NC Native
image Woolly Lippfern Myriopteris tomentosa [= Cheilanthes tomentosa] NC Native
Prenanthes sp Rattlesnake-root, Gall-of-the-earth, Lion's Foot, White Lettuce Nabalus sp. [= Prenanthes sp.] NC Native
image American Lotus, Yellow Lotus, American Lotus-lily, Yonkapin, Yockernut, Water-chinquapin, Pond-nut Nelumbo lutea NC Native
Alabama Snow-wreath Neviusia alabamensis S.E. Native
image False Garlic, Grace Garlic, Crow Poison Nothoscordum bivalve NC Native
Canada Toadflax, Common Toadflax, Blue Toadflax, Nuttallanthus canadensis [=Linaria canadensis] NC Native INVASIVE
American Water-lily, White Waterlily Nymphaea odorata ssp. odorata NC Native INVASIVE
Little Floating Heart Nymphoides cordata [=Nymphoides cordatum] NC Native INVASIVE
Water Tupelo, Tupelo Gum, Cotton Gum, Large Tupelo, Water Gum Nyssa aquatica [=Nyssa uniflora] NC Native INVASIVE
Ogeechee Lime, Ogeechee Tupelo, Ogeechee Plum Nyssa ogeche S.E. Native
image Blackgum, Black Gum, Black Tupelo, Sourgum, Pepperidge, Tupelo Gum Nyssa sylvatica NC Native
image Pennywort Obolaria virginica NC Native
image Sundrops, Southern Sundrops Oenothera fruticosa NC Native
Biennial Beeblossom, Biennial Gaura, Northeastern Gaura Oenothera gaura [=Gaura biennis] NC Native INVASIVE
Four-angled Sundrops, Appalachian Sundrops, Northern Sundrops Oenothera tetragona NC Native INVASIVE
Sensitive fern Onoclea sensibilis NC Native
Dune Prickly-pear, Sand-bur Prickly-pear, Little Prickly-pear, Creeping Cactus, Cockspur Prickly-pear Opuntia drummondii [=Opuntia pusilla] NC Native INVASIVE
Eastern Prickly Pear, Devil's-tongue Opuntia humifusa [=Opuntia compressa] S.E. Native
Eastern Prickly-pear Opuntia mesacantha ssp. mesacantha [=Opuntia compressa, Opuntia humifusa var. humifusa, Opuntia pollardii] NC Native INVASIVE
Golden-club, Bog Torch, Bog Torches, Never-wet Orontium aquaticum NC Native INVASIVE
image Spiked Medusa, Smooth-lipped Eulophia, Non-crested Eulophia, Giant Orchid Orthochilus ecristatus [= Eulophia ecristata, Pteroglassapsis ecristata] NC Native
image Anise-root, Sweet Cicely, Smooth Sweet Cicely, Longstyle Sweetroot, Licorice Root, Wild Anise Osmorhiza longistylis NC Native
Royal Fern Osmunda spectablilis NC Native INVASIVE
American Hop-hornbeam, Eastern Hop Hornbeam Ostrya virginiana NC Native INVASIVE
image American Wood-sorrel, Mountain Woodsorrel, White Wood-sorrel, Wood-Shamrock Oxalis montana NC Native
image Common Yellow Wood-sorrel, Yellow Oxalis Oxalis stricta NC Native
image Violet Wood-sorrel Oxalis violacea NC Native
image Sourwood, Sorrel-tree Oxydendrum arboreum NC Native
image Allegheny Spurge Pachysandra procumbens NC Native
image Golden Ragwort, Golden Groundsel, Heartleaf Ragwort, Butterweed Packera aurea [= Senecio aureus] NC Native
image Schweinitz's Ragwort, Schweinitz's Groundsel Packera schweinitziana [= Senecio schweinitzianus] NC Native
image Ginseng, American Ginseng, "Sang" Panax quinquefolius NC Native
image Dwarf Ginseng Panax trifolius NC Native
Seabeach Grass, Coastal Switchgrass, Bitter Panicgrass Panicum amarum NC Native INVASIVE
Switchgrass Panicum virgatum NC Native INVASIVE
image Kidney-leaved Grass-of-Parnassus, Appalachian Grass-of-Parnassus, Brook Parnassia Parnassia asarifolia NC Native
image Carolina Grass-of-Parnassus, Savanna Parnassia, Eyebright Parnassia caroliniana NC Native
image Bigleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Limeseep Parnassia, Largeleaf Grass-of-Parnassus Parnassia grandifolia NC Native
image Silverling, Silver Whitlow-wort, Silvery Nailwort Paronychia argyrocoma NC Native
Virginia Creeper Parthenocissus quinquefolia NC Native INVASIVE
Florida Paspalum, Crowngrass Paspalum floridanum NC Native INVASIVE
Purple Passionflower, Passion-vine, Maypops Passiflora incarnata NC Native INVASIVE
image Yellow Passionflower Passiflora lutea NC Native
image Eastern Lousewort, Canadian Lousewort, Forest Lousewort, Wood-betony Pedicularis canadensis NC Native
White Arrow-arum, Spoonflower Peltandra sagittifolia [=Peltandra luteospadix, Peltandra glauca, Peltandra virginica ssp. luteospadix] NC Native INVASIVE
Green Arrow-arum, Tuckahoe Peltandra virginica NC Native INVASIVE
Eustis Lake Beardtongue, Southern Beardtongue, Sandhill Beardtongue Penstemon australis NC Native INVASIVE
image Appalachian Beardtongue, Eastern Gray Beardtongue, Eastern Gray Penstemon Penstemon canescens NC Native
Foxglove Beardtongue, Tall White Beardtongue Penstemon digitalis Undetermined INVASIVE
Eastern Beardtongue, Smooth Beardtongue, Appalachian Beardtongue, Eastern Smooth Beardtongue Penstemon laevigatus [=Penstemon pentstemon] NC Native INVASIVE
Small's Beardtongue, Blue Ridge Beardtongue Penstemon smallii NC Native INVASIVE
Red Bay Persea borbonia NC Native INVASIVE
image Swamp Bay Persea palustris NC Native
Fernleaf Phacelia, Purple Phacelia, Forest Phacelia, Loose-flowered Phacelia Phacelia bipinnatifida NC Native INVASIVE
image Eastern Buttercup Phacelia, Coville's Phacelia, Buttercup Scorpionweed Phacelia covillei [split from Phacelia ranunculacea] NC Native
Trailing Wild Bean, Sandhills Bean Phaseolus sinuatus NC Native
Broad Beech Fern Phegopteris hexagonoptera NC Native INVASIVE
image Piedmont Rock-pink, Piedmont Fameflower Phemeranthus piedmontanus [Split from Phemeranthus mengesii, Talinum mengesii] NC Native
Appalachian Mock-orange Philadelphus inodorus NC Native INVASIVE
Ten-point Phlox, Cleft Phlox. Phlox bifida US Native
Carolina Phlox, Thick-leaf Phlox, Giant Phlox, Summer Phlox Phlox carolina NC Native INVASIVE
image Wild Blue Phlox, Eastern Blue Phlox, Timber Phlox, Wild Sweet William Phlox divaricata NC Native
Smooth Phlox Phlox glaberrima NC Native INVASIVE
Wild Sweet William, Speckled Phlox, Meadow Phlox Phlox maculata NC Native INVASIVE
Trailing Phlox, Pine Phlox Phlox nivalis NC Native INVASIVE
Fall Phlox, Garden Phlox, Summer Phlox, Tall Phlox Phlox paniculata NC Native INVASIVE
image Downy Phlox, Deam’s Phlox Phlox pilosa ssp. pilosa NC Native
image Creeping Phlox Phlox stolonifera NC Native
Moss Phlox, Mountain-pink Phlox subulata NC Native INVASIVE
image Americam Lopseed Phryma leptostachya NC Native
image Ninebark, Atlantic Ninebark, Common Ninebark Physocarpus opulifolius NC Native
Eastern False-Dragonhead, Savanna Obedient-plant Physostegia purpurea [=Dracocephalum denticulatum, Physostegia obovata] NC Native INVASIVE
Obedient-plant, Northern Obedient-plant Physostegia virginiana NC Native INVASIVE
image Pokeweed, American Pokeweed, Great Pokeweed, Pokeberry, Red Ink Plant, Pigeonberry Phytolacca americana NC Native
Red Spruce, He Balsam Picea rubens NC Native INVASIVE
Mountain Andromeda, Evergreen Mountain Fetterbush Pieris floribunda NC Native INVASIVE
Vine-wicky, Climbing Fetterbush Pieris phillyreifolia [=Ampelothamnus phillyreifolius] S.E. Native
Fevertree Pinckneya bracteata [=Pinckneya pubens] S.E. Native
image Blue Butterwort, Blueflower Butterwort Pinguicula caerulea NC Native
image Yellow Butterwort Pinguicula lutea NC Native
Chapman's Butterwort Pinguicula planifolia S.E. Native
Clearwater Butterwort, Southern Butterwort Pinguicula primuliflora S.E. Native
image Small Butterwort, Dwarf Butterwort, Bog Violet Pinguicula pumila NC Native
Sand Pine Pinus clausa S.E. Native
Shortleaf Pine Pinus echinata NC Native INVASIVE
Slash Pine Pinus elliottii S.E. Native
Spruce Pine, Walter's Pine Pinus glabra S.E. Native
Longleaf Pine, Southern Pine Pinus palustris NC Native INVASIVE
Table Mountain Pine, Bur Pine, Hickory Pine Pinus pungens NC Native INVASIVE
Pitch Pine, Hard Pine Pinus rigida NC Native INVASIVE
Pocosin Pine, Pond Pine, Marsh Pine Pinus serotina [=Pinus rigida ssp. serotina] NC Native INVASIVE
Eastern White Pine, Northern White Pine, Weymouth Pine, and Soft Pine Pinus strobus NC Native INVASIVE
Loblolly Pine, Old Field Pine Pinus taeda NC Native INVASIVE
Virginia Pine, Scrub Pine, Jersey Pine Pinus virginiana NC Native INVASIVE
Eastern Needlegrass, Black Oatgrass, Blackseed Speargrass Piptochaetium avenaceum [= Stipa avenacea] NC Native INVASIVE
image Yellow Fringed Orchid, Orange Fringed Orchid, Orange Plume, Bobwhite's-mocassin, Owl's-head Platanthera ciliaris [= Habenaria ciliaris] NC Native
image Small Green Wood Orchid, Small Woodland Orchid, Little Club-spur Bog Orchid Platanthera clavellata [= Habenaria clavellata] NC Native
image Large White Fringed Orchid, White-fringed Orchid Platanthera conspicua [= Platanthera blephariglottis var. conspicua; Habenaria blephariglottis var. conspicua]] NC Native
image Yellow Crested Orchis, Crested Fringed Orchid, Golden Fringed Orchid Platanthera cristata [= Habenaria cristata] NC Native
image Southern Rein Orchid, Palegreen Orchid, Southern Gypsy-spike Platanthera flava var. flava [= Habenaria flava var. flava] NC Native
image Tubercled Rein Orchid, Northern Gypsy-spike, Northern Green Orchid Platanthera flava var. herbiola [= Habenaria flava var. herbiola] NC Native
image Large Purple Fringed Orchid, Greater Purple Fringed Orchid, Greater Purple Fringed Bog-orchid, Plume-royal Platanthera grandiflora [= Habenaria psychodes var. grandiflora] NC Native
image Golden Fringeless Orchid, Yellow Fringeless Orchid, Golden Frog Arrow Platanthera integra [ = Habenaria integra] NC Native
image White Fringeless Orchid, Monkey-face Orchid Platanthera integrilabia [= Habenaria blephariglottis var. integrilabia] NC Native
image Green Fringed Orchid, Ragged Fringed Orchid, Ragged Orchid Platanthera lacera [= Habenaria lacera] NC Native
image Snowy Orchid, Bog-spike, Frog Spear, Bog Torch, White Frog Arrow, White Rein Orchid Platanthera nivea [= Habenaria nivea] NC Native
image Large Round-leaved Orchid, Dinner-plate Orchid, Lesser roundleaved orchid, Roundleaf Rein Orchid Platanthera orbiculata [= Habenaria orbiculata] NC Native
image Purple Fringeless Orchid, Purple Spire Orchid, Pride-of-the-peak Platanthera peramoena [= Habenaria peramoena] NC Native
image Small Purple Fringed Orchid, Butterfly Orchid, Lesser Purple Fringed orchid Platanthera psycodes [= Habenaria psychodes var. psychodes] NC Native
image Shriver’s Purple Fringed Orchid, Shriver’s Frilly Orchid Platanthera shriveri [= Platanthera psychodes var. grandiflora] NC Native
image Bicolor Bog Orchid Platanthera x bicolor {P. blephariglottis x P. ciliaris} [= Habenaria x bicolor] NC Native
image Fringed Orchid Hybrid Platanthera x channellii {P. ciliaris x P. cristata} [= Habenaria x channellii] NC Native
American Sycamore Platanus occidentalis NC Native INVASIVE
image Rush Featherling Pleea tenuifolia [= Tofieldia tenuifolia] NC Native
Resurrection fern Pleopeltis polypodioides (=Polypodium polypodioides) NC Native
image Stinking Fleabane, Pallid Marsh-fleabane, Stinking Camphorweed Pluchea foetida var. foetida NC Native
image Saltmarsh Fleabane Pluchea odorata [= Pluchea purpurascens] NC Native
image Mayapple, May-apple, American Mandrake, Wild Mandrake, Indian Apple, Pomme de Mai, Podophylle Pelt Podophyllum peltatum NC Native
image Rose Pogonia, Snakemouth, Beardflower, Ettercap, Addermouth Pogonia ophioglossoides NC Native
Jacob's-ladder Polemonium reptans var. reptans NC Native INVASIVE
image Orange Milkwort, Yellow Milkwort, Red-hot-poker, Candy Weed, Candyroot Polygala lutea NC Native
image Gay wings, Fringed Polygala, Flowering Wintergreen, Bird-on-the-wing Polygaloides paucifolia [= Polygala paucifolia] NC Native
image Solomon's Seal, Solomon's-seal Polygonatum biflorum NC Native
Hairy Solomon's-seal, Downy Solomon's-seal Polygonatum pubescens NC Native INVASIVE
image October-flower, October Flower, Jointweed Polygonum polygamum [= Polygonella polygama] NC Native
Appalachian polypody Polypodium appalachianum NC Native
Rock Polypody, Rock Cap Fern Polypodium virginianum (=Polypodium vulgare) NC Native
image Christmas Fern Polystichum acrostichoides NC Native
Pickerelweed Pontederia cordata NC Native INVASIVE
image Shadow Witch, Shadow-witch, Hairy Shadlow-witch Ponthieva racemosa NC Native
image Dwarf Cinquefoil, Running Five-fingers Potentilla canadensis NC Native
image Sulphur Cinquefoil, Sulphur Five-fingers Potentilla recta Not Native to US
image Eastern Shooting Star, Pride of Ohio, Roosterheads, Prairie Pointers Primula meadia [= Dodecatheon meadia] NC Native
image Yellow Mandarin, Yellow Fairybells Prosartes lanuginosa [= Disporum lanuginosum] NC Native
image American Self-heal, American Heal-all Prunella vulgaris Undetermined
American Plum, Wild Plum, American Wild Plum Prunus americana NC Native INVASIVE
Chickasaw Plum Prunus angustifolia NC Native INVASIVE
Carolina Laurel Cherry Prunus caroliniana [=Laurocerasus caroliniana] NC Native INVASIVE
image Wild Black Cherry, Wild Cherry, Cabinet Cherry, Rum Cherry Prunus serotina var. serotina NC Native
Hog Plum, Flatwoods Plum, Black Sloe, Sloe Plum Prunus umbellata NC Native INVASIVE
image Chokecherry, Choke Cherry Prunus virginiana var. virginiana NC Native
image Eastern Bracken, Bracken Fern, Brake Pteridium latiusculum [= Pteridium aquilinum] NC Native
image Blackroot, Wingstem, Densespike Blackroot, Fox-tail, Coastal Blackroot Pterocaulon pycnostachyum NC Native
image Hoary Mountain-mint, Silverleaf Mountain-mint Pycnanthemum incanum NC Native
image Common Pyxie-moss, Big Pyxie Pyxidanthera barbulata NC Native
image Little Pyxie, Sandhills Pyxie-moss, Well's Pyxie-moss Pyxidanthera brevifolia NC Native
image Overcup Oak Quercus lyrata NC Native
image Swamp Chestnut Oak, Basket Oak, Cow Oak Quercus michauxii [= Quercus prinus] NC Native
image Live Oak Quercus virginiana NC Native
image Dwarf Azalea, Coastal Azalea, Rhododendron atlanticum NC Native
image Flame Azalea Rhododendron calendulaceum NC Native
image Great Rhododendron, Rosebay Rhododendron Rhododendron maximum NC Native
image Pinxterflower, Pinxter-flower, Wild Honeysuckle, Swamp Honeysuckle, PInxterbloom, Wild Azalea Rhododendron periclymenoides [= Rhododendron nudiflorum] NC Native
image Minniebush, Hairy Minnie-bush Rhododendron pilosum [= Menziesia pilosa] NC Native
image Swamp Azalea, Clammy Azalea Rhododendron viscosum NC Native
image Fragrant Sumac Rhus aromatica var. aromatica NC Native
image Winged Sumac, Shining Sumac, Flameleaf Sumac, Dwarf Sumac Rhus copallinum [= Rhus copallina] NC Native
image Michaux's Sumac, Dwarf Sumac, False Poison Sumac Rhus michauxii NC Native
image Twining Snoutbean, Climbing Snoutbean Rhynchosia difformis NC Native
Narrowleaf White-topped Sedge, White-top Sedge, Star Rush, Star Sedge Rhynchospora colorata [= Dichromena colorata] NC Native INVASIVE
Broadleaf White-topped Sedge, Giant White-topped Sedge, White-top Sedge, White-bracted Sedge, Star Sedge, Sandswamp Whitetop Rhynchospora latifolia [= Dichromena latifolia] NC Native INVASIVE
image Short-beaked Beaksedge, Short-beaked Baldrush, Shortbeak Beaksedge Rhynchospora nitens [= Psilocarya nitens] NC Native
image Multiflora Rose, Hedge Rose Rosa multiflora Not Native to US INVASIVE
image Swamp Rose Rosa palustris NC Native
Browneyed Susan Rudbeckia triloba NC Native
image Carolina Wild-petunia , Hairy Wild-petunia, Common Wild Petunia Ruellia caroliniensis NC Native
image Dwarf Palmetto, Blue Stem Palmetto Sabal minor NC Native
image Cabbage Palmetto Sabal palmetto NC Native
image Rose Pink, Bitter-bloom, Bitterbloom, Common Marsh-pink, Common Centaury Sabatia angularis NC Native
image Duck Potato, Bulltongue Arrowhead Sagittaria lancifolia var. media [= Sagittaria falcata] NC Native
image Giant Arrow Leaf Sagittaria montevidensis Not Native to US
Blue Sage Salvia azurea NC Native
image Lyreleaf Sage, Lyre-leaf Sage Salvia lyrata NC Native
image Common Elderberry Sambucus canadensis NC Native
image Bloodroot, Red Puccoon Sanguinaria canadensis NC Native
image Yellow Pitcherplant Sarracenia flava NC Native
image Mountain Sweet Pitcherplant Sarracenia jonesii NC Native
image Hooded Pitcherplant Sarracenia minor var. minor NC Native
Green Pitcherplant Sarracenia oreophila NC Native
Southern Appalachian Purple Pitcherplant, Huntsman's Cups, Sidesaddle Flytrap, Frog's Britches Sarracenia purpurea var. montana NC Native
Northern Purple Pitcherplant Sarracenia purpurea var. purpurea US Native
image Southern Purple Pitcherplant, Pitcher-plant Sarracenia purpurea var. venosa NC Native
image Sweet Pitcherplant, Red Pitcherplant, Sweet Pitcher-plant Sarracenia rubra ssp. rubra NC Native
image Catesby's Hybrid Pitcherplant, Pitcher-plant Sarracenia X catesbaei {S. flava X S. purpurea} NC Native
image Sassafras, White Sassafras, Ague Tree, Sassy Tree Sassafras albidum NC Native
image Cut-leaf Grape Fern, Dissected Grape Fern Sceptridium dissectum [= Botrychium dissectum] NC Native
Common Little Bluestem, Prairie Beardgrass Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium [= Andropogon scoparius] NC Native INVASIVE
Woolgrass Bullrush. Wool-grass, Common Woolsedge Scirpus cyperinus NC Native INVASIVE
image Helmet Skullcap, Helmet Flower, Common Large Skullcap Scutellaria integrifolia NC Native
image Mountain Stonecrop, Wild Stonecrop, Woodland Stonecrop Sedum ternatum NC Native
image Shortia, Oconee Bells Shortia galacifolia NC Native
image Royal Catchfly Silene regia S.E. Native
image Starry Campion, Widow's Frill Silene stellata NC Native
image Fire-pink, Fire Pink, Scarlet Catchfly Silene virginica var. virginica NC Native
image Kidney-leaf Rosinweed, Rosinweed Silphium compositum NC Native
image Compass Plant Silphium laciniatum S.E. Native
image Prairie Rosinweed, Prairie Dock, Prairie-dock Silphium terebinthinaceum NC Native
image Narrowleaf Blue-eyed grass Sisyrinchium angustifolium NC Native
image Fairy Stars, Lawn Blue-eyed Grass, Annual Blue-eyed Grass Sisyrinchium rosulatum NC Native
image Bearsfoot, Leafcup Smallanthus uvedalia [= Smallanthus uvedalius] NC Native
image Coral Greenbriar, Red-berried Swamp Smilax Smilax walteri NC Native
image Axillary Goldenrod, Bluestem Goldenrod, Wreath Goldenrod Solidago caesia var. caesia NC Native
image Graceful Goldenrod, Virginia Goldenrod, Southern Bog Goldenrod, Solidago gracillima NC Native
Gray goldenrod Solidago nemoralis NC Native
image Yadkin River Goldenrod, Plumed Goldenrod Solidago plumosa NC Native
Yellow Indiangrass, Prairie Indiangrass Sorghastrum nutans NC Native INVASIVE
image Indian Pink, Woodland Pinkroot, Pinkroot, Wormgrass Spigelia marilandica NC Native
Short-lipped Ladies'-tresses, Texas Ladies'-tresses, Ladies' Tresses Spiranthes brevilabris S.E. Native
image Nodding Ladies'-tresses, Ladies' Tresses Spiranthes cernua NC Native
Eaton's Ladies'-tresses, Ladies' Tresses Spiranthes eatonii NC Native
Florida Ladies'-tresses, Ladies' Tresses Spiranthes floridana NC Native
image Southern Slender Ladies'-tresses, Ladies' Tresses Spiranthes lacera var. gracilis NC Native
image Northern Slender Ladies'-tresses, Ladies' Tresses Spiranthes lacera var. lacera NC Native
Lace-lip Ladies'-tresses, Ladies' Tresses Spiranthes laciniata NC Native
image Giant Spiral Orchid, Long-lipped Ladies'-tresses, Ladies' Tresses Spiranthes longilabris NC Native
image Shining Ladies'-tresses, Ladies' Tresses Spiranthes lucida NC Native
image Yellow Nodding Ladies'-tresses, Ladies' Tresses Spiranthes ochroleuca NC Native
image Fragrant Ladies'-tresses, Marsh Ladies'-tresses, Ladies' Tresses Spiranthes odorata NC Native
image Oval Ladies'-tresses, Lesser Ladies'-tresses, October Ladies'-tresses, Ladies' Tresses Spiranthes ovalis var. erostellata NC Native
image Grass-leaved Ladies'-tresses, Greenvein Ladies'-tresses, Giant Ladies'-tresses, Ladies' Tresses Spiranthes praecox NC Native
Woodland Ladies'-tresses, Pale Green Ladies'-tresses, Ladies' Tresses Spiranthes sylvatica NC Native
Little Ladies'-tresses, Little Pearl-Twist, Ladies' Tresses Spiranthes tuberosa NC Native
image Twisted Ladies'-tresses, Spring Ladies'-tresses, Ladies' Tresses Spiranthes vernalis NC Native
image Star Chickweed, Common Starwort, Giant Chickweed, Great Chickweed. Stellaria pubera NC Native
image Featherbells Stenanthium gramineum NC Native
image Silky Camellia, Virginia Stewartia Stewartia malacodendron NC Native
image Pineland Scalypink, Coastal Plain Wireplant Stipulicida setacea NC Native
image Rosy Twisted-stalk, Eastern Rose Mandarin, Eastern Twisted-stalk Streptopus lanceolatus var. lanceolatus [= Streptopus roseus] NC Native
image Eastern Silvery Aster Symphyotrichum concolor var. concolor [= Aster concolor] NC Native
image Blue Wood Aster, Heart-leaved Aster, Broad-leaf Aster Symphyotrichum cordifolium [= Aster cordifolius] NC Native
image Big-Headed Aster, Wild Blue Aster, Large-flowered Aster Symphyotrichum grandiflorum [= Aster grandiflorus] NC Native
image Common Clasping Aster, Late Purple Aster Symphyotrichum patens var. patens [= Aster patens] NC Native
image Hairy White Oldfield Aster, Frost Aster Symphyotrichum pilosum var. pilosum [= Aster pilosus var. pilosus] NC Native
image Rigid Whitetop Aster Symphyotrichum retroflexum [= Aster curtisii] NC Native
image Skunk Cabbage Symplocarpus foetidus NC Native
image Horsesugar, Common Sweetleaf Symplocos tinctoria NC Native
image Feverfew Tanacetum parthenium [= Chrysanthemum parthenium, Matricaria parthenium] Not Native to US
image Pond Cypress Taxodium ascendens [Split from Taxodium distichum] NC Native
image Cooley's Meadowrue, Savanna Meadowrue. Thalictrum cooleyi NC Native
image Common Tall Meadowrue, Late Meadowrue, King-of-the-meadow. Thalictrum pubescens [= Thalictrum polygamum] NC Native
image Rue-anemone, Windflower Thalictrum thalictroides [= Anemonella thalictroides] NC Native
Marsh fern Thelypteris palustris var. pubescens (=Dryopteris thelypteris) NC Native
image Foamflower, False Miterwort Tiarella cordifolia NC Native
image Cranefly Orchid, Crippled Cranefly Tipularia discolor NC Native
image Carolina Bog Asphodel, White Asphodel, White Featherling, White False Asphodel Tofieldia glabra NC Native
image Poison Oak Toxicodendron pubescens NC Native
image Eastern Poison Ivy Toxicodendron radicans var. radicans [= Rhus radicans] NC Native
image Poison Sumac Toxicodendron vernix [= Rhus vernix] NC Native
image Forked Bluecurls, Common Blue Curls, Blue-curls Trichostema dichotomum NC Native
image Dune Blue Curls, Carolina Blue Curls Trichostema species 1 NC Native
Redtop, Tall Redtop, Purpletop , Purpletop Tridens Tridens flavus [= Tridens flavus var. flava] NC Native INVASIVE
image Catesby's Trillium, Bashful Wakerobin, Bashful Trillium, Trillium catesbaei NC Native
image Purple Toadshade, Sweet Betsy, Little Sweet Trillium, Little Sweet Betsy, Bloody Butcher Trillium cuneatum NC Native
image Pale Yellow Trillium, Mottled Trillium, Pale Trillium, Small Yellow Toadshade. Trillium discolor NC Native
image Wake Robin, Red Trillium, Purple Trillium, Stinking Benjamin, Stinking Willie, Birthwort Trillium erectum NC Native
image Bent Trillium, Bent White Trillium, Declined Trillium Trillium flexipes NC Native
image Large-flowered Trillium, White Trillium, Great White Trillium Trillium grandiflorum NC Native
image Yellow Trillium, Yellow Toadshade, Wax Trillium, Lemon-scented Trillium Trillium luteum NC Native
image Wateree River Trillium Trillium oostingii S.E. Native
image Persistent Wakerobin, Persistent Trillium Trillium persistens S.E. Native
image Carolina Least Trillium, Dwarf Wake-robin, Dwarf White Flowering Trillium Trillium pusillum var. pusillum NC Native
image Prairie Trillium, Prairie Wake-robin, Toadshade, Bloody Noses Trillium recurvatum NC Native
image Southern Nodding Trillium, Ill-scented Wakerobin, Ill-scented Trillium, Trillium rugelii [split from Trillium cernuum] NC Native
image Sessile Trillium, Toad Trillium, Sessile Toadshade Trillium sessile NC Native
image Sweet White Trillium, Jeweled Wake-robin, Confused Trillium Trillium simile NC Native
image Southern Red Trillium, Barksdale's Trilliam, Furrowed Wake-robin Trillium sulcatum NC Native
image Underwood's Trillium, Longbract Wake-robin Trillium underwoodii S.E. Native
image Painted Trillium, Striped Wake-robin Trillium undulatum NC Native
image Sweet Trillium, Vasey's Trillium, Sweet Beth Trillium vaseyi NC Native
image Green Trillium, Wood Wake-robin Trillium viride US Native
image Feverwort, Early Horse-gentian Triosteum aurantiacum var. aurantiacum NC Native
image Three Birds Orchid, Nodding Pogonia, Nodding Ettercap Triphora trianthophoros var. trianthophoros [= Triphora trianthophora] NC Native
Eastern Gamagrass, Fakahatchee Grass Tripsacum dactyloides var. dactyloides [= Tripsacum dactyloides] NC Native INVASIVE
image Narrowleaf Cattail, Cat-tail Typha angustifolia NC Native
image Common Cattail, Broadleaf Cattail, Cat-tail Typha latifolia NC Native
image American Elm, White Elm Ulmus americana var. americana NC Native
Shortspur Creeping Bladderwort, Humped Bladderwort Utricularia gibba NC Native
Little Floating Bladderwort, Small Swollen Bladderwort. floating bladderwort Utricularia radiata NC Native
Longspur Creeping Bladderwort, Humped Badderwort, Bladderwort, Conespur Bladderwort Utricularia biflora NC Native
image Horned Bladderwort Utricularia cornuta NC Native
Florida Bladderwort Utricularia floridana NC Native
Flatstem Bladderwort, Leafy Bladderwort Utricularia foliosa NC Native
Hidden-fruit Bladderwort, Two-flowered Bladderwort Utricularia geminiscapa NC Native
Swollen Bladderwort, Inflated Bladderwort, Big Floating Bladderwort Utricularia inflata NC Native
Southern Bladderwort, Slender Horned Bladderwort Utricularia juncea NC Native
Greater Bladderwort, Common Bladderwort Utricularia macrorhiza NC Native
Lesser Bladderwort, Small Bladderwort Utricularia minor NC Native
Dwarf Bladderwort, Midget Bladderwort Utricularia olivacea NC Native
Purple Bladderwort, Eastern Purple Bladderwort Utricularia purpurea NC Native
image Northeastern Bladderwort, Lavender Bladderwort, Resupinate Bladderwort Utricularia resupinata NC Native
Striped Bladderwort, Fibrous Bladderwort Utricularia striata NC Native
Slender Bladderwort, Zigzag Bladderwort Utricularia subulata NC Native
image Large-flowered Bellwort Uvularia grandiflora NC Native
image Perfoliate Bellwort, Mealy Bellwort, Merrybells Uvularia perfoliata NC Native
image Mountain Bellwort, Appalachian Bellwort, Coastal Bellwort, Carolina Bellwort Uvularia puberula NC Native
image Bellwort, Straw-lily, Wild-oats, Mountain Bellwort Uvularia sessilifolia NC Native
image Sparkleberry, Farkleberry Vaccinium arboreum NC Native
image Highbush Blueberry, Smooth Highbush Blueberry Vaccinium corymbosum [several other species have been split from this] NC Native
image Cranberry Vaccinium macrocarpon NC Native
image Deerberry, Common Deerberry Vaccinium stamineum var. stamineum NC Native
image Crisped Bunchflower, Narrow-leaved Bunchflower Veratrum hybridum [= Veratrum latifolium] NC Native
image Green False Hellebore, White-hellebore, Indian Poke, Green Hellebore, Cornhusk Lily Veratrum viride NC Native
image Moth Mullein Verbascum blattaria Not Native to US
image Common Mullein, Flannel-plant, Woolly Mullein, Velvet-plant Verbascum thapsus Not Native to US
image Southern Crownbeard Verbesina occidentalis NC Native
image New York Ironweed Vernonia noveboracensis NC Native
image Common Speedwell, Common Gypsyweed, Heath Speedwel Veronica officinalis Not Native to US
image Culver's-root, Culver's Root Veronicastrum virginicum NC Native
Mapleleaf Viburnum, Dockmackie Viburnum acerifolium INVASIVE
Hobble-bush, Witch-hobble, Moosewood Viburnum lantanoides [= Viburnum alnifolium] NC Native INVASIVE
image Downy Arrow-wood, Downy Arrowwood Viburnum rafinesqueanum [= Viburnum rafinesquianum] NC Native
image Wild Pansy, Field Pansy Viola bicolor NC Native
image Tall White Violet, Canada Violet Viola canadensis var. canadensis NC Native
image Bog Violet, Marsh Blue Violet Viola cucullata NC Native
Spearleaf Violet, Silverleaf Violet, Halberd-leaf Violet, Halberd-leaved Yellow Violet. Viola hastata NC Native
image Birdfoot Violet, Bird's-foot Violet, Bird-foot Violet Viola pedata NC Native
image Long-spurred Violet Viola rostrata NC Native
image Southern Woolly Violet, Carolina Violet Viola villosa NC Native
image Brook-Feather, Yellowroot Xanthorhiza simplicissima NC Native
image Adam's Needle, Beargrass, Curlyleaf Yucca, Spoonleaf Yucca Yucca filamentosa NC Native
image Zenobia, Honey-cups, Honeycup, Zenobia pulverulenta NC Native
image Common Atamasco-lily, Atamasco Lily Zephyranthes atamasco [= Zephyranthes atamasca] NC Native
image Common Golden-Alexanders Zizia aurea NC Native

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Send your photos of buds, blooms, leaves, and seedpods to:

tom @ ncwildflower.org

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