Plant Details

Viola pedata

Birdfoot Violet, Bird's-foot Violet, Bird-foot Violet

Scientific Name:

Viola pedata

Common Name:

Birdfoot Violet, Bird's-foot Violet, Bird-foot Violet

Plant Family

Violaceae (Violet Family)


NC Native



Bloom Color(s):

blue-violet to purple-violet

Size in Feet:

0 ft, 6 in


full sun to light shade

Soil Moisture:

xeric to sub-xeric(*)

Bloom Time:

March - May

Bloom Area:


Habitat Description:

Var. pedata: Dry rocky or sandy forests, woodlands, glades, and roadbanks. Common throughout NC.
Var. ranunculifolia [Sandhills Bird’s-foot Violet]: Sandhills.

State Rank:

No NC Rank Listed (*)

Global Rank:

No Global Rank listed (*)

State Status:

No NC Status Listed (*)

Federal Status:

No U.S. Status Listed (*)


This plant is particularly susceptible to crown rot if drainage is not excellent. Basal leaves only, tending to have 3 lobes.

In bloom

The large, flat flowers and deeply lobed leaves make the Birdfoot Violet one of the easiest violets to identify.


David Paynter, May, 2011, Watauga Co

Close-up of flower

Other distinctive traits are the beardless petals and the brilliant orange in the center. Unlike most violets, this species produces no cleistogamous flowers (self-fertile flowers that produce seed without opening).


David Paynter

Growing on the side of a mountain bald

Birdfoot violet forms impressive patches in the well-drained habitat that it prefers.


David Paynter. May 2011

It's a beautiful addition to a garden with sandy, well-drained soil and plenty of sun. Here, it is growing in the gardens of Growing Wild Nursery, a native plant nusery specializing in SE Coast natives.


Cary Paynter, Burgaw, April 14, 2011


USDA PLANTS Database Record

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Flora of North America
NC State Extension
Bird-Friendly Native Plants

Permalink - (right click to save this page to your bookmarks)


NEXT >>>

back to top
go to gallery
back to Initial v Gallery
back to orchids
back to Carnivorous Plants
back to Trilliums