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Plant Details

Viola canadensis var. canadensis

Tall White Violet, Canada Violet

Scientific Name:

Viola canadensis var. canadensis

Genus:

Viola

Species Epithet:

canadensis var. canadensis

Common Name:

Tall White Violet, Canada Violet

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Violaceae (Violet Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

0-1 ft., 1-3 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White

Light:

Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist

Bloom Time:

April, May, June, July

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont

Habitat Description:

Rich cove forests, other rich mesic situations, such as floodplains. Common in NC Mountains, rare in Piedmont.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Not Assigned

Landscape Value:

Not Assigned

Notes:

Prefers cool shade - somewhat weedy, vigorous spreading through seeds and rhizomes.

Var. canadensis is the only variety of this species in NC.

Canadian White Violet plant

Canadian White Violet is the only violet in our area that has a white flower and a leafy stem (caulescent). The flowers turn a pink-purple as they age.

image

Paynter, early May, 2011

Flower close up

image

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

NC State Extension
Flora of North America


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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