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Plant Details

Vaccinium stamineum var. stamineum

Deerberry, Common Deerberry

Scientific Name:

Vaccinium stamineum var. stamineum

Common Name:

Deerberry, Common Deerberry

Plant Family

Ericaceae (Heath Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Type:

Shrub

Bloom Color(s):

white

Size in Feet:

3 - 6 ft

Light:

shade to part-shade

Soil Moisture:

xeric to sub-mesic(*)

Bloom Time:

April - May - June

Bloom Area:

Coast, Piedmont, Mountains

Habitat Description:

Xeric to submesic woodlands, forests, and rock outcrops (unlike most Vaccinium, often on mafic, ultramafic, or calcareous rocks).

State Rank:

No NC Rank Listed (*)

Global Rank:

No Global Rank listed (*)

State Status:

No NC Status Listed (*)

Federal Status:

No U.S. Status Listed (*)

Notes:

NC State Extension "this plant in moderately resistant to damage from deer. It is a host plant for the Brown Elfin butterfly. Adult butterflies nectar from the blooms. Its fruits are eaten by songbirds, small mammals, ruffed grouse, wild turkeys and black bears.

Weakley lists 5 varieties of Vaccinium stamineum in NC.

Members of the genus Vaccinium support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Conandrena) bradleyi, Andrena (Andrena) carolina, Panurginus atramontensis, Habropoda laboriosa, Colletes productus, Colletes validus, and Osmia (Melanosmia) virga."

Deerberry in flower

Deerberry is variable in leaf, size and berry color and has many varieties, including a dwarf variety in Coastal pinelands. Common throughout the state.

image

Paynter, Wilmington, late April, 2010

Flowers from above

image

Jorge Vigueras

Close-up of flowers showing stamens

Deerberry has an open bell-shape flower with the stamens showing prominently. Thus the species name, 'stamineum'.

image

Paynter, Wilmington, April 2010

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Flora of North America
NC State Extension

Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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