plant-banner1

Plant Details

Ulmus americana var. americana

American Elm, White Elm

Scientific Name:

Ulmus americana var. americana

Genus:

Ulmus

Species Epithet:

americana var. americana

Common Name:

American Elm, White Elm

Plant Type

Tree

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Ulmaceae (Elm Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

0-1 ft., 1-3 ft., 3-6 ft., 6-12 ft., 12-36 ft., 36-72 ft., 72-100 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Red, Green

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist

Bloom Time:

Jan, Feb, March

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Swamps, bottomland forests, moist slopes, especially on relatively or strongly nutrient-rich substrates. Common throughout NC.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

Landscape Value:

Recommended and Available

Notes:

Used widely as street trees - takes several forms including vase-shaped. Larval Host: Mourning Cloak, Columbia silkmoth, Question Mark butterfly, Painted Lady butterfly, Comma butterfly.

Specimen tree of America Elm

Decimated by the Dutch Elm disease in the mid 1900s, American Elms are nonetheless common in North Carolina. "In our area, the effects of the disease appear to have been mild or nonexistent, especially in natural areas." (Weakley Flora) American Elm grows in swamps, bottomland forests, and open wet areas with rich soil.

image

Charley Winterbauer, Wilmington, May 2011

Leaves

The leaves have an uneven base, toothed margins and come to a short point.

image

Charley Winterbauer

Bark

image

Charley Winterbauer

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Flora of North America
NC State Extension


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



Permalink - (right click to save this page to your bookmarks)

<<< PREVIOUS

NEXT >>>

back to top
go to plant details search
go to plant images search
go to gallery home
back to Initial u Gallery
back to orchids
back to Carnivorous Plants
back to Trilliums