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Plant Details

Ulmus americana var. americana

American Elm, White Elm

Scientific Name:

Ulmus americana var. americana

Common Name:

American Elm, White Elm

Plant Family

Ulmaceae (Elm Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Type:

Tree

Bloom Color(s):

green

Size in Feet:

100

Light:

shade to sun

Soil Moisture:

mesic(*)

Bloom Time:

January - March

Bloom Area:

Coast, Piedmont, Mountains

Habitat Description:

Swamps, bottomland forests, moist slopes, especially on relatively or strongly nutrient-rich substrates. Common throughout NC.

State Rank:

No NC Rank Listed (*)

Global Rank:

No Global Rank listed (*)

State Status:

No NC Status Listed (*)

Federal Status:

No U.S. Status Listed (*)

Notes:

Used widely as street trees - takes several forms including vase-shaped. Larval Host: Mourning Cloak, Columbia silkmoth, Question Mark butterfly, Painted Lady butterfly, Comma butterfly.

Specimen tree of America Elm

Decimated by the Dutch Elm disease in the mid 1900s, American Elms are nonetheless common in North Carolina. "In our area, the effects of the disease appear to have been mild or nonexistent, especially in natural areas." (Weakley Flora) American Elm grows in swamps, bottomland forests, and open wet areas with rich soil.

image

Charley Winterbauer, Wilmington, May 2011

Leaves

The leaves have an uneven base, toothed margins and come to a short point.

image

Charley Winterbauer

Bark

image

Charley Winterbauer

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Flora of North America
NC State Extension
Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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