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Plant Details

Trillium sulcatum

Southern Red Trillium, Barksdale's Trilliam, Furrowed Wake-robin

Scientific Name:

Trillium sulcatum

Genus:

Trillium

Species Epithet:

sulcatum

Common Name:

Southern Red Trillium, Barksdale's Trilliam, Furrowed Wake-robin

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Trilliaceae (Trillium Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

0-1 ft., 1-3 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White, Yellow, Purple

Light:

Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day, Less than 2 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist

Bloom Time:

March, April

Growing Area:

Mountains

Habitat Description:

Coves and moist slopes. Primarily a species of the sedimentary rock Appalachians, T. sulcatum ranges from s. WV, sw. VA, and e. KY south to nw. NC (where it enters the Blue Ridge), w. TN, nw. GA, and ne. AL. Uncommon in NC Mountains.

Leaf Arrangement:

Whorled

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Has some wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

Notes:

Per Weakley "This species seems quite distinctive for its small, generally maroon flowers (with strongly sulcate sepals purplish as well), borne on very long pedicels. Petals maroon or white."

Emerging Plants

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In Bud

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Plants

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Bloom

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Close Up

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Four Petaled Bloom

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Form albolutescens plants

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Plant

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Bloom

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Form albolutescens plants

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Form albolutescens pink bloom

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Form albolutescens blush bloom

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Seed Capsule

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Flora of North America


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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