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Plant Details

Trillium cuneatum

Purple Toadshade, Sweet Betsy, Little Sweet Trillium, Little Sweet Betsy, Bloody Butcher

Scientific Name:

Trillium cuneatum

Genus:

Trillium

Species Epithet:

cuneatum

Common Name:

Purple Toadshade, Sweet Betsy, Little Sweet Trillium, Little Sweet Betsy, Bloody Butcher

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Trilliaceae (Trillium Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

0-1 ft., 1-3 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Yellow, Green, Purple, Brown

Light:

Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day, Less than 2 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist

Bloom Time:

Feb, March, April

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont

Habitat Description:

In rich soils of cove forests, moist slopes, and bottomlands, usually over mafic or calcareous rocks, locally abundant. Uncommon in NC Mountains and Piedmont.

Leaf Arrangement:

Whorled

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Has some wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

State Rank:

S3: Vulnerable (*Key)

Global Rank:

G4 - Apparently Secure, G5 - Secure (*Key)

State Status:

Exploited (*Key)

Notes:

FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA "Flower borne upon bracts, erect, odor usually pleasant, faint, spicy, reminiscent of odor of bruised sweetshrub (Calycanthus) leaves, occasionally musty or unpleasant; sepals widely spreading, variably green, purple-streaked to all purple,"

NC Natural Heritage Program lists as exploited, S3, G4G5.

T. cuneatum f. cuneatum

Habitat!!!

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T. cuneatum f. cuneatum

April 2004 Lake Randleman Rescue Site
The blue paint on the tree marked the limits of the rescue area

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T. cuneatum f. cuneatum

Bud

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T. cuneatum f. cuneatum

Habitat
Note the older tan bloom against the tree trunk

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T. cuneatum f. cuneatum

Silver Leaves
Note that the bud did not form.

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T. cuneatum f. cuneatum

Another Silver Leafed Plant

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T. cuneatum f. cuneatum

Dark Leafed Plant

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T. cuneatum f. cuneatum

Typical Leaves
With a Dusting of Pollen

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T. cuneatum f. cuneatum

More Typical Leaves

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T. cuneatum f. luteum bud

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T. cuneatum f. luteum

Plants

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T. cuneatum f. luteum

Plants

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Flora of North America
NC State Extension


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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