plant-banner1

Plant Details

Trillium cuneatum

Purple Toadshade, Sweet Betsy, Little Sweet Trillium, Little Sweet Betsy, Bloody Butcher

Scientific Name:

Trillium cuneatum

Common Name:

Purple Toadshade, Sweet Betsy, Little Sweet Trillium, Little Sweet Betsy, Bloody Butcher

Plant Family

Trilliaceae (Trillium Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Type:

Herb/Wildflower

Bloom Color(s):

Maroon, Yellow

Size in Feet:

1.3

Light:

Shade

Soil Moisture:

Mesic(*)

Bloom Time:

March - April

Bloom Area:

Piedmont, Mountains

Habitat Description:

In rich soils of cove forests, moist slopes, and bottomlands, usually over mafic or calcareous rocks, locally abundant. Uncommon in NC Mountains and Piedmont.

State Rank:

S3: Vulnerable (*)

Global Rank:

G4 - Apparently Secure, G5 - Secure (*)

State Status:

Exploited (*)

Federal Status:

No U.S. Status Listed (*)

Notes:

FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA "Flower borne upon bracts, erect, odor usually pleasant, faint, spicy, reminiscent of odor of bruised sweetshrub (Calycanthus) leaves, occasionally musty or unpleasant; sepals widely spreading, variably green, purple-streaked to all purple,"

NC Natural Heritage Program lists as exploited, S3, G4G5.

T. cuneatum f. cuneatum

Habitat!!!

image

T. cuneatum f. cuneatum

April 2004 Lake Randleman Rescue Site
The blue paint on the tree marked the limits of the rescue area

image

T. cuneatum f. cuneatum

Bud

image

T. cuneatum f. cuneatum

Habitat
Note the older tan bloom against the tree trunk

image

T. cuneatum f. cuneatum

Silver Leaves
Note that the bud did not form.

image

T. cuneatum f. cuneatum

Another Silver Leafed Plant

image

T. cuneatum f. cuneatum

Dark Leafed Plant

image

T. cuneatum f. cuneatum

Typical Leaves
With a Dusting of Pollen

image

T. cuneatum f. cuneatum

More Typical Leaves

image

T. cuneatum f. luteum bud

image

T. cuneatum f. luteum

Plants

image

T. cuneatum f. luteum

Plants

image

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Flora of North America
NC State Extension
Bird-Friendly Native Plants



Permalink - (right click to save this page to your bookmarks)

<<< PREVIOUS

NEXT >>>

Comments - Leave a comment or read what's been added!
Commenting is not available in this channel entry.

back to top
go to gallery
back to Initial t Gallery
back to orchids
back to Carnivorous Plants
back to Trilliums