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Plant Details

Tipularia discolor

Cranefly Orchid, Crippled Cranefly

Scientific Name:

Tipularia discolor

Genus:

Tipularia

Species Epithet:

discolor

Common Name:

Cranefly Orchid, Crippled Cranefly

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Orchidaceae (Orchid Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

0-1 ft., 1-3 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Yellow, Green, Purple

Light:

Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day, Less than 2 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist

Bloom Time:

July, August, September

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

In a wide variety of mesic to rather dry forests. Common throughout NC.

Leaf Arrangement:

Basal

Leaf Retention:

Semi-evergreen

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Not Assigned

Landscape Value:

Not Recommended for home landscapes

Notes:

Flora of North America " In humus-rich soil of deciduous woodlands; frequently in sandy, acid oak-pine woods of Southeast, often in depressions under sweet gum;" Along with Goodyera pubescens, Tipularia is one of the commonest orchids in e. North America.

Blooming

image

© David R. McAdoo

Bloom Stalk

image

Black Mountain, August 2002
© MB Baumeister

Closeup of Bloomstalk

image

Black Mountain, August 2002
© MB Baumeister

Leaf

image

Black Mountain, October 2002
© MB Baumeister

Underside of Leaf

image

© Tom Harville

Plants After Winter

image

26 March 2005
© Tom Harville

Bloom Close Up

image

Bob Oberfelder - Aug 2013

Seed Pods

image

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Flora of North America
NC State Extension


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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