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Plant Details

Tilia americana var. caroliniana

Carolina Basswood, Southern Basswood

Scientific Name:

Tilia americana var. caroliniana

Genus:

Tilia

Species Epithet:

americana

Common Name:

Carolina Basswood, Southern Basswood

Plant Type

Tree

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Malvaceae (Mallow Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

36-72 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Yellow

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist

Bloom Time:

June, July

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Mesic forests, in the outer Coastal Plain usually associated with shell deposits, Indian shell middens, or underlying coquina limestone (“marl”). Rare in NC mountains, uncommon elsewhere in the state.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Highest Wildlife Value

Landscape Value:

Highly Recommended and Available

State Rank:

S2: Imperiled, S3: Vulnerable (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure, G_T_: Subspecies or Variety Rank (add status to NOTES section) (*Key)

Notes:

A number of references list three or four species for NC: Tilia americana – rare in the mountains and Piedmont; T. heterophylla – numerous in the mountains and less so in the Piedmont; T. caroliniana – scarce along the southern coast; and T. floridana – scarce to uncommon in the southern Coastal Plain and parts of the Piedmont. Weakley (2018) and NatureServe lump these into a single species, with three varieties (with the latter two included as var. caroliniana).

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record



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