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Plant Details

Tilia americana var. americana

American Basswood, American Linden, Northern Basswood

Scientific Name:

Tilia americana var. americana

Genus:

Tilia

Species Epithet:

americana

Common Name:

American Basswood, American Linden, Northern Basswood

Plant Type

Tree

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Malvaceae (Mallow Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

36-72 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Yellow

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist

Bloom Time:

May, June, July

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont

Habitat Description:

Rich coves, rocky slopes, metabasalt boulderfields, rich north-facing river bluffs, calcareous Coastal Plain ravines. Rare across the NC mountains and Piedmont. T. americana var. americana—is considered by the NC NHP as a Watch List taxon.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Highest Wildlife Value

Landscape Value:

Highly Recommended and Available

State Rank:

S1: Critically imperiled, S2: Imperiled, S?: Uncertain (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure, G_T_: Subspecies or Variety Rank (add status to NOTES section) (*Key)

State Status:

W1: Watch List: Rare but Relatively Secure, W7: Watch List: Poorly Known in NC (*Key)

Notes:

A number of references list three or four species for NC: Tilia americana – rare in the mountains and Piedmont; T. heterophylla – numerous in the mountains and less so in the Piedmont; T. caroliniana – scarce along the southern coast; and T. floridana – scarce to uncommon in the southern Coastal Plain and parts of the Piedmont. Weakley (2018) and NatureServe lump these into a single species, with three varieties (with the latter two included as var. caroliniana).

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record



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