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Plant Details

Solidago rugosa

Rough Goldenrod, Wrinkle-leaf Goldenrod

Scientific Name:

Solidago rugosa

Genus:

Solidago

Species Epithet:

rugosa

Common Name:

Rough Goldenrod, Wrinkle-leaf Goldenrod

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Asteraceae (Aster Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

1-3 ft., 3-6 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Yellow

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist

Bloom Time:

August, September, October, November

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Solidago rugosa var. aspera. Fields, forests, roadsides. Common in NC Piedmont and Coastal Plain, less common in the Mountains.
Solidago rugosa var. celtidifolia, Hackberry-leaf Goldenrod. Fields, forests, wetlands. Uncommon to common in NC Piedmont and Coastal Plain.
Solidago rugosa var. cronquistiana, Cronquist’s Goldenrod. High elevation balds and forests. Uncommon in NC Mountains.
Solidago rugosa var. rugosa, Wrinkle-leaf Goldenrod. Fields, forests, wetlands. Uncommon to fairly common in NC Mountains and Piedmont.
Solidago rugosa var. sphagnophila, Peat-loving Goldenrod. Boggy habitats. Uncommon in NC Coastal Plain.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

State Rank:

S5: Secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

Notes:

Can form large colonies, so best used in natural areas/wild meadows. Cultivars available.
5 varieties in NC; see "Habitat Description".

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

https://auth1.dpr.ncparks.gov/flora/species_account.php

https://nc.audubon.org/conservation/bird-friendly-communities/bird-friendly-native-plants

https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/solidago-rugosa/

https://gobotany.nativeplanttrust.org/species/solidago/rugosa/



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