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Plant Details

Scutellaria integrifolia

Helmet Skullcap, Helmet Flower, Common Large Skullcap

Scientific Name:

Scutellaria integrifolia

Genus:

Scutellaria

Species Epithet:

integrifolia

Common Name:

Helmet Skullcap, Helmet Flower, Common Large Skullcap

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Lamiaceae (Mint Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

0-1 ft., 1-3 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White, Pink, Blue

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist, Wet

Bloom Time:

May, June, July, August

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Wet pine savannas, seeps in forests, bottomlands, other moist sites. Common throughout NC.

Leaf Arrangement:

Opposite

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Has some wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

Flowers

Helmet Skullcap is common throughout the state, growing in wet pine savannas, forest seeps, bottomlands and moist sites. The lower leaves are toothed but the upper ones have smooth edges or have only blunt teeth.

image

Esther Murphy, May 13, 2012, Ev-Henwood Preserve, Supply

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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