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Plant Details

Sassafras albidum

Sassafras, White Sassafras, Ague Tree, Sassy Tree

Scientific Name:

Sassafras albidum

Genus:

Sassafras

Species Epithet:

albidum

Common Name:

Sassafras, White Sassafras, Ague Tree, Sassy Tree

Plant Type

Tree/Shrub

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Lauraceae (Laurel Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

12-36 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Yellow, Green, Brown

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day, Less than 2 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist

Bloom Time:

March, April, May, June, July

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

A wide variety of forests, old fields, disturbed areas, fencerows. Common throughout NC.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

Landscape Value:

Highly Recommended and Available

Notes:

Sassafras, White Sassafras, Ague Tree, Cinnamon Wood, Mitten Tree, Saloop, Smelling Stick
Spicebush butterfly, Tiger swallow-tail, Palamedes butterflies, Pale Swallowtail

Leaves

Sassafras is easily recognized by having variously lobed leaves on one tree. The twigs have a spicy smell. Dried, they were traditionally used to thicken gumbo. The roots were made into tea and the oil was used as a flavoring and to scent soap.

image

Flowers

image

Mary Vigueras, April 2012

Emerging leaves

image

Mary Vigueras

Bark

image

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

Flora of North America


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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