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Plant Details

Sambucus racemosa var. pubens [= Sambucus pubens, Sambucus racemosa ssp. pubens, Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa]

Red Elderberry

Scientific Name:

Sambucus racemosa var. pubens [= Sambucus pubens, Sambucus racemosa ssp. pubens, Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa]

Genus:

Sambucus

Species Epithet:

racemosa var. pubens

Common Name:

Red Elderberry

Plant Type

Tree/Shrub

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Adoxaceae (Moschatel Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

3-6 ft., 6-12 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist

Bloom Time:

April, May, June

Growing Area:

Mountains

Habitat Description:

Spruce-fir and northern hardwood forests, especially typical on boulderfield, talus, and other rocky situations, primarily at high elevations in the Mountains, though sometimes descending in our area (mainly in VA and northward) to low elevations (as low as 75 m). Common in NC mountains.

Leaf Arrangement:

Opposite

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Compound

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

State Rank:

S3: Vulnerable (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

Notes:

Striking red fruit clusters. Colonial. Grows best in cool, moist soils. Cultivars available.

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

https://auth1.dpr.ncparks.gov/flora/species_account.php

https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/sambucus-racemosa-subsp-pubens/

https://gobotany.nativeplanttrust.org/species/sambucus/racemosa/

https://nc.audubon.org/conservation/bird-friendly-communities/bird-friendly-native-plants



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