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Plant Details

Rhus copallinum [= Rhus copallina]

Winged Sumac, Shining Sumac, Flameleaf Sumac, Dwarf Sumac

Scientific Name:

Rhus copallinum [= Rhus copallina]

Common Name:

Winged Sumac, Shining Sumac, Flameleaf Sumac, Dwarf Sumac

Plant Family

Anacardiaceae (Cashew Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Type:

Tree/Shrub

Size in Feet:

to 13

Light:

sun to part-shade

Bloom Time:

July - September

Bloom Area:

Common in Coast and Piedmont, rare in Mountains

Habitat Description:

Var.copallinum (Flameleaf Sumac): Sandhills, dry woodlands, maritime thickets (especially from VA northward), old fields, roadsides. Rare in NC Mountains, common in Piedmont and Coastal Plain.
Var. latifolia (Eastern Winged Sumac): Rocky glades, dry woodlands. Uncommon in NC Mountains and Piedmont.

State Rank:

No NC Rank Listed (*)

Global Rank:

No Global Rank listed (*)

State Status:

No NC Status Listed (*)

Federal Status:

No U.S. Status Listed (*)

Notes:

formerly Rhus copallina.
Host plant for the Red-Banded Hairstreak caterpillar. Butterflies nectar at the flowers. Its fruits are eaten by songbirds, white-tailed deer, opossums, wild turkey, and quail. Its bark is eaten by rabbits.
2 varieties in NC [see Habitat Description]

Berries and Leaves

image

Sandhills Game Land, October 2004
© Kathy Schlosser

Winged Sumac in summer

image

Paynter, Wilmington, June 2009

Leaf showing the winged rachis

image

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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