Plant Details

Rhus copallinum [= Rhus copallina]

Winged Sumac, Shining Sumac, Flameleaf Sumac, Dwarf Sumac

Scientific Name:

Rhus copallinum [= Rhus copallina]

Common Name:

Winged Sumac, Shining Sumac, Flameleaf Sumac, Dwarf Sumac

Plant Family

Anacardiaceae (Cashew Family)


NC Native



Size in Feet:

to 13


sun to part-shade

Bloom Time:

July - September

Bloom Area:

Common in Coast and Piedmont, rare in Mountains

Habitat Description:

Var.copallinum (Flameleaf Sumac): Sandhills, dry woodlands, maritime thickets (especially from VA northward), old fields, roadsides. Rare in NC Mountains, common in Piedmont and Coastal Plain.
Var. latifolia (Eastern Winged Sumac): Rocky glades, dry woodlands. Uncommon in NC Mountains and Piedmont.

State Rank:

No NC Rank Listed (*)

Global Rank:

No Global Rank listed (*)

State Status:

No NC Status Listed (*)

Federal Status:

No U.S. Status Listed (*)


formerly Rhus copallina.
Host plant for the Red-Banded Hairstreak caterpillar. Butterflies nectar at the flowers. Its fruits are eaten by songbirds, white-tailed deer, opossums, wild turkey, and quail. Its bark is eaten by rabbits.
2 varieties in NC [see Habitat Description]

Berries and Leaves


Sandhills Game Land, October 2004
© Kathy Schlosser

Winged Sumac in summer


Paynter, Wilmington, June 2009

Leaf showing the winged rachis



USDA PLANTS Database Record

Bird-Friendly Native Plants

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