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Plant Details

Rhus copallinum [= Rhus copallina]

Winged Sumac, Shining Sumac, Flameleaf Sumac, Dwarf Sumac

Scientific Name:

Rhus copallinum [= Rhus copallina]

Genus:

Rhus

Species Epithet:

copallinum

Common Name:

Winged Sumac, Shining Sumac, Flameleaf Sumac, Dwarf Sumac

Plant Type

Tree/Shrub

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Anacardiaceae (Cashew Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

6-12 ft., 12-36 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Yellow, Green

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist

Bloom Time:

June, July

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Var.copallinum (Flameleaf Sumac): Sandhills, dry woodlands, maritime thickets (especially from VA northward), old fields, roadsides. Rare in NC Mountains, common in Piedmont and Coastal Plain.
Var. latifolia (Eastern Winged Sumac): Rocky glades, dry woodlands. Uncommon in NC Mountains and Piedmont.

Leaf Arrangement:

Opposite

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Compound

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

Landscape Value:

Not Recommended for home landscapes

Notes:

formerly Rhus copallina.
Host plant for the Red-Banded Hairstreak caterpillar. Butterflies nectar at the flowers. Its fruits are eaten by songbirds, white-tailed deer, opossums, wild turkey, and quail. Its bark is eaten by rabbits.
2 varieties in NC [see Habitat Description]

Berries and Leaves

image

Sandhills Game Land, October 2004
© Kathy Schlosser

Winged Sumac in summer

image

Paynter, Wilmington, June 2009

Leaf showing the winged rachis

image

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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