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Plant Details

Prunella vulgaris

American Self-heal, American Heal-all

Scientific Name:

Prunella vulgaris

Genus:

Prunella

Species Epithet:

vulgaris

Common Name:

American Self-heal, American Heal-all

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Lamiaceae (Mint Family)

Size:

0-1 ft., 1-3 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Purple

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist

Bloom Time:

April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

American Self-heal, Prunella vulgaris var. lanceolata: Disturbed areas, pastures, roadsides, bottomland forests; other forests and woodlands (Weakley 2015). Common throughout NC.
Eurasian Self-heal Prunella vulgaris var. vulgaris: Disturbed areas, pastures, roadsides, bottomland forests; other forests and woodlands (Weakley 2015). A rare non-native in NC Piedmont.

Leaf Arrangement:

Opposite

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Has some wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Not Recommended for home landscapes

Notes:

Two varieties in NC, one native and the other Eurasian. A third (Asian) variety may also be present. Weakley (2015) notes: "Additional herbarium work is needed to clearly determine the relative ranges, distributions, habitats, and abundances of the two varieties, var. vulgaris and var. lanceolata. The possible additional recognition of var. hispida also needs assessment. Var. hispida Bentham, considered to have been originally e. Asian, is alleged to be widespread in se. United States. According to Fernald (1950), it differs from P. vulgaris var. vulgaris in having the 'stems, petioles, and often the lower surfaces of leaves densely villous-hispid' (vs. 'only sparingly and not conspicuously pilose')."

Blooms

image

Black Mountain
© MB Baumeister

Closeup of Blooms

image

Black Mountain
© MB Baumeister

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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