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Plant Details

Polygonatum biflorum

Solomon's Seal, Solomon's-seal

Scientific Name:

Polygonatum biflorum

Genus:

Polygonatum

Species Epithet:

biflorum

Common Name:

Solomon's Seal, Solomon's-seal

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Ruscaceae (Ruscus Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

0-1 ft., 1-3 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White, Green

Light:

Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day, Less than 2 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist

Bloom Time:

April, May, June

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Small Solomon’s-seal, Polygonatum biflorum var. biflorum: Moist to dry forests (Weakley 2015). Common throughout NC.
Large Solomon’s-seal, Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum: Moist forests, roadbanks (Weakley 2015). Common in NC Mountains, uncommon in Piedmont.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Has some wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Recommended and Available

Budding Plant

image

near a creek, Black Mountain, late April 2002
© MB Baumeister

Plant

The same plant shown from above, behind, in a bed of Yellow-root.

image

near a creek, Black Mountain, late April 2002
© MB Baumeister

Blooming Plant

image

Tom Harville's garden, Raleigh
© Tom Harville

Blooms Close Up

image

Tom Harville

Berries

image

Martha Baskin

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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