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Plant Details

Piptochaetium avenaceum [= Stipa avenacea]

Eastern Needlegrass, Black Oatgrass, Blackseed Speargrass

Scientific Name:

Piptochaetium avenaceum [= Stipa avenacea]

Genus:

Piptochaetium

Species Epithet:

avenaceum

Common Name:

Eastern Needlegrass, Black Oatgrass, Blackseed Speargrass

Plant Type

Grass/Sedge/Rush

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Poaceae (Grass Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

1-3 ft.

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry

Bloom Time:

March, April, May, June

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Upland woodlands and forests, sometimes abundant or even dominant in xeric woodlands over granitic or mafic rocks in the Piedmont. Uncommon in NC mountains, common in piedmont and coastal plain.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Has some wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Not Assigned

State Rank:

S5: Secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

Notes:

Long twisted awns and black fruit.

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

https://auth1.dpr.ncparks.gov/flora/plant_list.php

https://gobotany.nativeplanttrust.org/species/piptochaetium/avenaceum/

https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=PIAV



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