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Plant Details

Pinus echinata

Shortleaf Pine

Scientific Name:

Pinus echinata

Genus:

Pinus

Species Epithet:

echinata

Common Name:

Shortleaf Pine

Plant Type

Tree

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Pinaceae (Pine Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

72-100 ft.

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist

Bloom Time:

March, April

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Dry rocky ridges and slopes, sandhills, old fields, forests, generally in rather xeric sites, but also occurring in mesic to even wet sites. Common and widespread in the NC Piedmont and the upper and central Coastal Plain. However, it is scarce in the eastern third of the Coastal Plain and is mostly absent in the Tidewater zone (around Pamlico and Albemarle sounds) and on coastal islands. It is common in the far southwestern mountains (below 2000 feet), but becomes uncommon farther northward to the central mountains. In most of the state, it is outnumbered by other species of pines.

Leaf Arrangement:

Fascicled (Pines)

Leaf Retention:

Evergreen

Leaf Type:

Leaves needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Highest Wildlife Value

Landscape Value:

Recommended and Available

State Rank:

S5: Secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record



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