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Plant Details

Pinguicula pumila

Small Butterwort, Dwarf Butterwort, Bog Violet

Scientific Name:

Pinguicula pumila

Genus:

Pinguicula

Species Epithet:

pumila

Common Name:

Small Butterwort, Dwarf Butterwort, Bog Violet

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Lentibulariaceae (Bladderwort Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

0-1 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White, Violet

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist, Wet

Bloom Time:

March, April, May, June

Growing Area:

Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Pine savannas and wet pine flatwoods (Carteret and Pender counties)” (Weakley 2015). Rare in NC Coastal Plain.

Leaf Arrangement:

Basal

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Has some wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Not Recommended for home landscapes

State Rank:

S2: Imperiled (*Key)

Global Rank:

G4 - Apparently Secure (*Key)

State Status:

E: Endangered (*Key)

Notes:

"Small Butterwort grows 6-8 inches tall above a basal rosette of broad, succulent leaves. The few leaves form a rosette at the base of the plant and have a sticky surface that captures small insects. The margin of the leaf rolls inward over the insect until it is digested. There is 1 flower, whitish or pale violet, about 3/4 inch across, funnel-shaped, somewhat 2-lipped, with 5 petal-like lobes and a spur at the base, like a larkspur. All Pinguicula spp. bear short glandular hairs, and clammy leaves designed to trap small insects." Ladybird Johnson Wildflower Center

Flower

image

David Paynter, Holly Shelter, April 2012

Leaves

image

Viewed from the side

image

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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