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Plant Details

Persea palustris

Swamp Bay

Scientific Name:

Persea palustris

Genus:

Persea

Species Epithet:

palustris

Common Name:

Swamp Bay

Plant Type

Tree/Shrub

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Lauraceae (Laurel Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

12-36 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White, Green

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist, Wet

Bloom Time:

May, June

Growing Area:

Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Swamps, pocosins, bay forests, maritime forests, generally in wet peaty soils, but also in fairly dry, sandy soils in maritime forests. ...A Southeastern Coastal Plain endemic (Weakley 2015). Common in NC Coastal Plain.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Evergreen

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Has some wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Not Recommended for home landscapes

Notes:

Recently split from Persea borbonia, Redbay

Leaves

Swamp Bay leaves often have galls that are a good id mark, as shown here on the leaf on the lower right.

image

Underside of leaf

Leaves are sparsely to densely hairy beneath with rust-colored principle veins.

image

Flowers

Swamp Bay twigs are also densely rusty-pubescent.

image

Fruit (drupe)

image

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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