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Plant Details

Parnassia grandifolia

Bigleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Limeseep Parnassia, Largeleaf Grass-of-Parnassus

Scientific Name:

Parnassia grandifolia

Genus:

Parnassia

Species Epithet:

grandifolia

Common Name:

Bigleaf Grass-of-Parnassus, Limeseep Parnassia, Largeleaf Grass-of-Parnassus

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Parnassiaceae (Grass-Of-Parnassus Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

0-1 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White, Green

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Wet

Bloom Time:

August, September, October

Growing Area:

Mountains, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

“Fens, gravelly seepages, pineland seepage bogs and ecotones, primarily or solely over calcareous, mafic, or ultramafic rocks, in the outer Coastal Plain in seepage over marl on nearly vertical river bluffs on the Cape Fear River (NC) and in pineland seepage bogs…The discovery of populations of this species in Brunswick and Columbus counties, NC, was remarkable.” (Weakley 2015). Rare in NC Mountains and Coastal Plain.

Leaf Arrangement:

Basal

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Has some wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Not Recommended for home landscapes

State Rank:

S2: Imperiled (*Key)

Global Rank:

G3 - Vulnerable (*Key)

State Status:

T: Threatened (*Key)

Federal Status:

FSC - Federal Special Concern (*Key)

In bloom

image

Paynter, September 22, 2014

Habitat

In this photo, Bigleaf Grass-of-Parnassus was growing on a gravelly seepage slope.

image

Paynter, September 2014

Close-up of flower

image

Paynter, September 2014

Close-up of leaves

image

Fruit

image

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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