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Plant Details

Panicum virgatum

Switchgrass

Scientific Name:

Panicum virgatum

Genus:

Panicum

Species Epithet:

virgatum

Common Name:

Switchgrass

Plant Type

Grass/Sedge/Rush

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Poaceae (Grass Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

3-6 ft., 6-12 ft.

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist, Wet

Bloom Time:

June, July, August, September, October

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Var. cubense (Blunt Panic Grass): Wet to dry sandy pinelands. Present in NC mountains, piedmont, coastal plain, and sandhills (the most common variety in NC).

Var. spissum (Tufted Switchgrass): Gravelly or sandy fresh to brackish shores and swamps. In NC, present only in brackish or fresh tidal marshes in coastal counties (according to Vascular Plants of NC).

Var. virgatum (Switchgrass): Dry or wet sandy soils of pinelands, fresh and brackish marshes, shores. In NC, present in natural occurences only in the mountains, but it has been planted along roadsides and to create “natural” grasslands elsewhere in NC.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate, Basal

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

Landscape Value:

Recommended and Available

State Rank:

S5: Secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

Notes:

Cultivars available.

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

https://auth1.dpr.ncparks.gov/flora/species_account.php

https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/panicum-virgatum/

https://nc.audubon.org/700

https://gobotany.nativeplanttrust.org/species/panicum/virgatum/



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