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Plant Details

Monotropa uniflora

Indian Pipes, One-flowered Indian-pipes

Scientific Name:

Monotropa uniflora

Genus:

Monotropa

Species Epithet:

uniflora

Common Name:

Indian Pipes, One-flowered Indian-pipes

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Ericaceae (Heath Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

0-1 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White, Pink

Light:

Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day, Less than 2 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist

Bloom Time:

June, July, August, September, October

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

“A wide variety of forests.” (Weakley 2015). Common throughout NC.

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

No Apparent Leaves

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

No known wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Not Recommended for home landscapes

Notes:

"These plants were once believed to absorb all nutrients from decayed organic material, but it is now known that they are associated with a fungus, which obtains nutrients directly from the roots of green plants. Indian Pipe, therefore, is more of a parasite, with the fungus as a bridge between it and its host. The plant turns black as the fruit ripens or when it is picked and dried." Ladybird Johnson Wildflower Center

Coming Up!

image

Black Mountain, June 2004
© MB Baumeister

Blooming

image

Black Mountain, June 2004
© MB Baumeister

Closeup of Blooms

They are beginning to turn black.

image

Black Mountain, June 2004
© MB Baumeister

Blooms

Sporting their colors

image

©Vicki Corporon
Raleigh, NC

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

NCSU Plants


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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