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Plant Details

Monarda punctata

Eastern Horse-mint, Spotted Horsemint, Spotted Beebalm,

Scientific Name:

Monarda punctata

Genus:

Monarda

Species Epithet:

punctata

Common Name:

Eastern Horse-mint, Spotted Horsemint, Spotted Beebalm,

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Lamiaceae (Mint Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

1-3 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White, Pink, Yellow, Purple

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist

Bloom Time:

July, August, September

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Var. arkansana: Dryish forests over mafic rock (Weakley 2015); rare in NC Mountains.
Var. punctata: Maritime forests, dunes, roadsides, rocky or sandy woodlands (Weakley 2015); uncommon throughout NC.

Leaf Arrangement:

Whorled

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

Notes:

Both var. punctata (Eastern Horse-mint) and var. var. arkansana (Arkansas Horse-mint) present in NC. Arkansas Horsemint is listed by the NC Natural Heritage Program with an NC Status of W7, NC Rank S1?, Global Rank G5TNR.
Var. villicaulis (Hairy-stem Horse-mint) possibly a rare adventive on the NC Coastal Plain.

In bloom

image

Lara Berkley, Ogden, September 9, 2013

Flower

The flowers have a complicated pattern and unusual coloring, making them easy to identify. They grow in whorls, one above another.

image

Paynter, Wilmington,early September, 2013

Inflorescence

Here the division between flowers is shown by the whorls of pink bracts but no true flowers are showing.

image

Lara Berkley

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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