Plant Details

Monarda punctata

Eastern Horse-mint, Spotted Horsemint, Spotted Beebalm,

Scientific Name:

Monarda punctata

Common Name:

Eastern Horse-mint, Spotted Horsemint, Spotted Beebalm,

Plant Family

Lamiaceae (Mint Family)


NC Native



Bloom Color(s):

pink (bracts), yellow and purple (corolla)

Size in Feet:

16 - 39 in


sun, part-sun, shade

Bloom Time:

late July - September

Bloom Area:

common on Coast, uncommon in Piedmont and Mountains

Habitat Description:

Var. arkansana: Dryish forests over mafic rock (Weakley 2015); rare in NC Mountains.
Var. punctata: Maritime forests, dunes, roadsides, rocky or sandy woodlands (Weakley 2015); uncommon throughout NC.

State Rank:

No NC Rank Listed (*)

Global Rank:

No Global Rank listed (*)

State Status:

No NC Status Listed (*)

Federal Status:

No U.S. Status Listed (*)


Both var. punctata (Eastern Horse-mint) and var. var. arkansana (Arkansas Horse-mint) present in NC. Arkansas Horsemint is listed by the NC Natural Heritage Program with an NC Status of W7, NC Rank S1?, Global Rank G5TNR.
Var. villicaulis (Hairy-stem Horse-mint) possibly a rare adventive on the NC Coastal Plain.

In bloom


Lara Berkley, Ogden, September 9, 2013


The flowers have a complicated pattern and unusual coloring, making them easy to identify. They grow in whorls, one above another.


Paynter, Wilmington,early September, 2013


Here the division between flowers is shown by the whorls of pink bracts but no true flowers are showing.


Lara Berkley


USDA PLANTS Database Record

Bird-Friendly Native Plants

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