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Plant Details

Medeola virginiana

Indian Cucumber-root, Indian Cucumber

Scientific Name:

Medeola virginiana

Genus:

Medeola

Species Epithet:

virginiana

Common Name:

Indian Cucumber-root, Indian Cucumber

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Liliaceae (Lily Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

1-3 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Yellow, Green

Light:

Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist

Bloom Time:

April, May, June

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Moist forests, usually with acidic soils. Common in the mountains and foothills; fairly common in the remainder of the Piedmont. Generally uncommon in the eastern two-thirds of the Coastal Plain, but rare in the southeastern corner of the state. Essentially absent in the far eastern counties.

Leaf Arrangement:

Whorled

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Has some wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

State Rank:

S5: Secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

Medeola virginiana is at its showiest in early autumn as clusters of bright purple fruits mature and the center of the top whorl of leaves turns crimson-red to attract birds to the fruits.

In September I always fail to get to the ripened fruits before some have been consumed.

Will Stuart

Blossoms have 6 pale green, strongly reflexed tepals and hang beneath the uppermost whorl of glossy-green leaves.

Will Stuart

Each blossom has 6 stamens and a protruding 3-branched style. The anther filaments and the 3-part style are a handsome crimson-purple when the flowers are fresh.

Will Stuart

Fading blossoms and swelling capsules.

Will Stuart

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record



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