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Plant Details

Maianthemum canadense [=Unifolium canadense]

Canada Mayflower, False Lily-of-the-valley, Canadian Lily-of-the-valley

Scientific Name:

Maianthemum canadense [=Unifolium canadense]

Genus:

Maianthemum

Species Epithet:

canadense

Common Name:

Canada Mayflower, False Lily-of-the-valley, Canadian Lily-of-the-valley

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Ruscaceae (Ruscus Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

0-1 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White

Light:

Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day, Less than 2 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist

Bloom Time:

May, June, July

Growing Area:

Mountains

Habitat Description:

Moist forests, especially at high elevations. Common across most of the NC mountains, at least at the higher elevations.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

Landscape Value:

Not Recommended for home landscapes

State Rank:

S5: Secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

Notes:

Difficult to grow outside its cool mountain habitat.

Flowers of Canada Mayflower emerge as a short, compact raceme from 1-3 clasping shiny green leaves. White petals are small. Slightly longer white stamens protrude.

Will Stuart

Masses of Canada Mayflower along the Flat Rock Trail near Grandfather Mountain, NC

Will Stuart

Brightly colored fruits develop by mid-August.

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record



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