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Plant Details

Listera australis

Southern Twayblade

Scientific Name:

Listera australis

Genus:

Listera

Species Epithet:

australis

Common Name:

Southern Twayblade

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Orchidaceae (Orchid Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

0-1 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Red, Green, Purple, Brown

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day, Less than 2 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist, Wet

Bloom Time:

March, April, May, June, July

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Swamps, second terraces in floodplain forests, wet woods under Rhododendron maximum (Weakley 2015). Rare in NC Mountains and Piedmont, uncommon in the Coastal Plain.

Leaf Arrangement:

Opposite

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

No known wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Not Recommended for home landscapes

State Rank:

S3: Vulnerable (*Key)

Global Rank:

G4 - Apparently Secure (*Key)

State Status:

W1: Watch List: Rare but Relatively Secure (*Key)

Notes:

Mainly a Southeastern Coastal Plain species.

Blooming Plant

image

© David R. McAdoo

Closeup of Blooms

image

© David R. McAdoo

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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