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Plant Details

Iris verna

Dwarf Iris, Dwarf Violet Iris

Scientific Name:

Iris verna

Genus:

Iris

Species Epithet:

verna

Common Name:

Dwarf Iris, Dwarf Violet Iris

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Iridaceae (Iris Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

0-1 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Yellow, Blue, Purple, Violet

Light:

Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day, Less than 2 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist

Bloom Time:

March, April, May

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Iris verna var. smalliana: dry, rocky or sandy woodlands and forests (common in NC Mountains & Piedmont); Iris verna var. verna: Longleaf pine sandhills, dry, rocky forests and woodlands (rare in NC Piedmont, common in the Coastal Plain).

Leaf Arrangement:

Basal

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Has some wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Recommended and Available

Flower

Similar to Iris cristata (Dwarf Crested Iris), Dwarf Iris has longer, narrower leaves, deeply buried rhizomes and strongly fragrant flowers.

image

Flower and leaves

Grows in longleaf pinelands and turkey oak scrub.

image

Paynter, April 7, 2014, Wilmington

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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