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Plant Details

Anemone americana [= Hepatica americana]

Round-lobed Liverleaf

Scientific Name:

Anemone americana [= Hepatica americana]

Genus:

Anemone

Species Epithet:

americana

Common Name:

Round-lobed Liverleaf

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Ranunculaceae (Buttercup Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

0-1 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Blue

Light:

Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day, Less than 2 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist

Bloom Time:

Feb, March, April

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont

Habitat Description:

Moist forests

Leaf Arrangement:

Basal

Leaf Retention:

Semi-evergreen

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

No known wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

Notes:

The genus, Hepatica, so called because of the resemblance of the three leaves to a liver, contains two species found in North Carolina, H. americana and H. acutiloba. These are also the only two species of this genus found in North America.

Liverworts are harbingers of spring, being one of the first of our native wildflowers to bloom. Hepaticas are in the Ranunculaceace, or Buttercup, family, and were classified at one time as Anemone, which are their closest kin.

Hepatica americana, with rounded leaves, is quite common and found though out the state. It favors neutral to slightly basic soils.

Plant in Bloom

image

© Tom Harville

Closeup of Blooms

Coming up to bloom through last year's dead leaves.

image

© Tom Harville

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record


Bird-Friendly Native Plants



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