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Plant Details

Helianthus tuberosus

Jerusalem Artichoke, Sunchoke

Scientific Name:

Helianthus tuberosus

Genus:

Helianthus

Species Epithet:

tuberosus

Common Name:

Jerusalem Artichoke, Sunchoke

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Asteraceae (Aster Family)

Native/Alien:

US Native

Size:

3-6 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Yellow

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist

Bloom Time:

July, August, September, October

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Native in rich bottomlands and along streams, disturbed areas. Native of farther west US.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

State Rank:

(*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

State Status:

(*Key)

Notes:

Cultivated in gardens for the edible tubers. Common throughout NC. Native of farther west US. NC State rank = SE Exotic species established in the state.

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record



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