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Plant Details

Gymnocladus dioicus

Kentucky Coffeetree, Kentucky Mahogany

Scientific Name:

Gymnocladus dioicus

Genus:

Gymnocladus

Species Epithet:

dioicus

Common Name:

Kentucky Coffeetree, Kentucky Mahogany

Plant Type

Tree

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Fabaceae (Legume Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

36-72 ft., 72-100 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White, Green

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day, Less than 2 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist

Bloom Time:

April, May, June

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont

Habitat Description:

Native in rich bottomland and slope forests, also in disturbed areas, persistent and weakly spreading from horticultural plantings.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Compound

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Has some wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Recommended and Available

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

Notes:

This species is dioecious, having separate male and female trees.

Kentucky Coffeetrees have distinctive bipinnate compound leaves. Leaflets are ovate, glabrous, and dull green above and below.

Will Stuart

Fruits are thick, leathery pods produced on female trees in late summer. While seeds and seedpods are toxic, roasted seeds have been used as a coffee substitute.

Will Stuart

The bark of mature Kentucky Coffee trees is deeply fissured and very attractive.

Will Stuart

A row of handsome Kentucky Coffeetrees decorate a berm in the parking lot at the North Carolina Arboretum.

Will Stuart

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record



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